Publications | ELLA
18
Jul
2016
MULTIMEDIA

INFOGRAPHIC: Informality and inclusive growth in sub-saharan Africa

Infographic developed based on the Research Paper "Informality and inclusive growth in sub-saharan Africa".

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18
Jul
2016
MULTIMEDIA

INFOGRAPHIC: Getting more out of the oil and gas sector in Africa

Infographic developed based on the ELLA Research Paper "Local Content Frameworks in the African Oil and Gas Sector: Lessons from Angola and Chad".

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6
Jul
2016
REGIONAL EVIDENCE PAPER

Explaining the Effectiveness of Community-Based Crime Prevention Practices in Nigeria

In this study, we ask: how effective are community-based crime prevention practices and what explains their effectiveness or ineffectiveness?

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6
Jul
2016
REGIONAL EVIDENCE PAPER

Beyond Domestic Violence Laws: Women’s Experiences and Perceptions of Protection Services in Ghana

‘What are women’s experiences and perceptions of protection services provided to survivors of domestic violence in Ghana?’ This research focuses on women that have had experience with the protective services as outlined in the law.

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6
Jul
2016
REGIONAL EVIDENCE PAPER

Collective Land Access Regimes in Pastoralist Societies: Lessons from East African Countries

This study examines the evolution of collective land tenure regimes in East Africa including how they affect pastoral communities living on these lands. Specifically, we attempt to identify the drivers and impacts of changes in collective land access since the 1900s.

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6
Jul
2016
REGIONAL EVIDENCE PAPER

Horizontal Accountability of the Executive to the Legislature in Africa: A Case Study of Kenya

This paper assesses the legislative, representative, financial control and oversight roles played by parliaments in Africa, with Kenya as the main case study in a context of accountability.

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3
Jul
2016
REGIONAL EVIDENCE PAPER

The Evolution of Collective Land Tenure Regimes in Pastoralist Societies: Lessons From Andean Countries

This paper aims to analyse how land tenure regimes of pastoralist societies living in the Andean altiplano have transformed over the last 50 years and discusses the implications of these transformations for the sustainability of resource management in these areas.

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3
Jul
2016
REGIONAL EVIDENCE PAPER

Informality and Inclusive Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

This research seeks to explore the relationship between informality and inclusive growth in sub-Saharan Africa, with a particular focus on South Africa.

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3
Jul
2016
REGIONAL EVIDENCE PAPER

The Deficits in Horizontal Accountability in Argentina: A Tale of two worlds

This paper looks at the cornerstone of the institutional weaknesses in the Latin America, namely, the executive-legislative relationship and horizontal accountability (HA).

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3
Jul
2016
REGIONAL EVIDENCE PAPER

Local Content Frameworks in the African Oil and Gas Sector: Lessons from Angola and Chad

This paper seeks to identify the main characteristics and outcomes of local content frameworks (LCFs) in African oil and gas producing countries. This research is based on the hypothesis that the more specific the LCFs, the better the outcomes.

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1
Jul
2016
REGIONAL EVIDENCE PAPER

Local Content Frameworks in Latin American Oil and Gas sector: Lessons from Ecuador and Colombia

This paper provides an analysis of local content frameworks and their utcomes in seven oil and gas producing countries in Latin America.

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1
Jul
2016
REGIONAL EVIDENCE PAPER

Informality and Inclusive Growth in Latin America: The Case of Colombia

This research seeks to understand the impact of informality on inclusive growth in Latin America, and particularly in Colombia.

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30
Jun
2016
REGIONAL EVIDENCE PAPER

Beyond Domestic Violence Laws in Latin America: Challenges for Protection Services for Survivors

This study uses a series of in-depth interviews with survivors of domestic violence living in a Mexico City shelter, as well as with its staff, to analyse how survivors experience protection services.

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30
Jun
2016
REGIONAL EVIDENCE PAPER

Social Capital, Collective Efficacy and Community Based Crime Prevention in El Salvador

The following paper explores the extent to which crime and violence prevention initiatives that promote social capital and collective efficacy are successful in reducing crime and violence in Latin America, more specifically through a case study of El Salvador.

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23
Mar
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

On the Institutionalization of Congress (es) in Latin America and Beyond

This paper is sketches an agenda to study the determinants of and the process by which strong policymaking institutions develop, with special focus on the potentially most central policymaking institution in a democracy: Congress

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23
Mar
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Employment and Taxes in Latin America

This paper analyses the labour effects of taxes and explores empirically the effects of payroll taxes, the VAT and corporate income taxes. It uses national-level data of labour variables for 15 Latin American countries

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23
Mar
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

What works in reducing community violence

This systematic meta-review analyses a wide array of evidence on programmatic interventions on reducing community violence in Central America.

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22
Mar
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Global Review of the Economics of Pastoralism

The review of the literature on pastoralist economics is a contribution to the global learning on the importance of mobile pastoralism as a form of productive and sustainable land management. The review is intended to highlight existing knowledge on the value of pastoralism, the gaps in this knowledge, trends in pastoral economies and policy options that can support drylands economies most effectively.

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22
Mar
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Energy reform and local content in Mexico

This study analyses the future effect of the changes in the hydrocarbon sector on the mining sector in Mexico, with emphasis on existing and potential linkages between the two sectors stemming from local content policies.

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22
Mar
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

What Makes Domestic Violence Legislation More Effective?

This Paper analyses the role women play in promoting more effective legislations to confront Domestic Violence. It analyses their role in monitoring policies too, and highlights key action on how to accomplish this based on real examples.

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15
Feb
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Acceso a tierra y estrategias de vida de los jóvenes rurales

Los territorios rurales atraviesan procesos de envejecimiento y una de las causas principales es la emigración de los jóvenes a los centros urbanos. Las razones para dejar el campo y la agricultura son en parte las barreras que enfrentan al insertarse social y productivamente en sus comunidades y el acceso seguro a la tierra es el factor clave.

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11
Jan
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Exclusión social, violencia y respuestas comunitarias en ciudades centroamericanas: explicando variaciones para orientar políticas

¿Por qué comunidades que son comparables en términos de desigualdad social y económica y exclusión sufren diferentes niveles de violencia? Esta investigación (El Salvador y Costa Rica)plantea que en territorios urbanos marginales, comparables en términos de exclusión social, puede haber distintos niveles de violencia por las diferencias de capacidades de la acción comunitaria para afrontar el fenómeno de la violencia.

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30
Nov
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Development strategies of Latin American and Caribbean countries and the green economy approach

This publication explores the commonalities between the existing and proposed paradigms and approaches to development that ensures well-being and respect for nature. It also analyses and the concept of green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.

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30
Oct
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Work, family and public policy changes in Latin America: Equity, maternalism and co-responsibility

Taking account of the substantial increase in female labour market participation that has occurred throughout the Latin American region, this article describes policies adopted with the aim of reconciling work and family responsibilities between 2003 and 2013, and the implications of their design for socioeconomic and gender equity.

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2
Oct
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Brechas de ingresos laborales en el Perú urbano: una exploración de la economía informal

Esta investigación busca establecer si las diferencias de ingresos entre los trabajadores con empleo formal e informal pueden ser explicadas por los atributos productivos de la mano de obra o si, por el contrario, son resultado de una segmentación del mercado laboral.

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21
Sep
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Monitoring the Climate Change Impacts of Urban Agriculture in Rosario, Argentina

This paper, Monitoring the Climate Change Impacts of Urban Agriculture in Rosario, Argentina, examines the city’s urban agriculture programme, the contribution of green areas to reducing the Urban Heat Island, the transportation and conservation of food and the effects of UPA on run-off and infiltration of storm water.

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9
Sep
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Drogas, policías y delincuencia: Otras miradas a la seguridad ciudadana en América Latina

Esta compilación de 10 artículos brinda otra mirada a la seguridad ciudadana en América Latina. Ofrece una revisión a las políticas de seguridad y su eficacia para reducir el delito y la violencia, así como un análisis al problema de las drogas, sus causas y efectos económicos, sociales y políticos.

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31
Aug
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Argentina: Impacts of the child allowance programme on the labour-market behaviour of adults

In 2009 Argentina implemented a major cash transfer programme for children and adolescents called Universal Child Allowance for Social Protection, which extended the coverage of the contributory family allowance programme to new segments of the population. This research assesses its impact on adult labour participation.

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16
Aug
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Progress despite adversity: women's empowerment and conflict in Colombia

The Colombian case is an example of progress in women’s empowerment in the face of formidable and continuing challenges. Progress is identified in relation to: legal gains for women’s rights and gender equality; women’s presence and representation in public and elected positions; the advancement of a gender-responsive approach to addressing the legacies of conflict and associated mechanisms of memorialisation, reparations, restitution and transitional justice.

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4
Aug
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

A Tale of Two Species : Revisiting the Effect of Registration Reform on Informal Business Owners in Mexico

Different views have been put forward to explain why most firms in developing countries operate informally. One argues that informal-business owners are people trying to make a living while searching for a wage job. Another argues that they do not register their firms because of complex regulation processes. This paper contributes to recent literature that argues that both factors are at work.

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23
Jun
2015
DESIGN AND METHODS PAPER

Local Content Frameworks in Latin American and African oil and gas sector

This research design and methods paper is a working document, and the first stage in the conduct of a joint comparative research in the topic of local content frameworks in the oil and gas sector. 

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16
Jun
2015
DESIGN AND METHODS PAPER

Determinants of Gaps in Horizontal Accountability of Executive to Legislative Bodies in Latin America and Africa

This design and methods paper sets out how the authors will explore the conditions under which legislative bodies succeed or fail in holding accountable public agencies of the executive as well as the executive’s own capacity for being accountable.

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9
Jun
2015
DESIGN AND METHODS PAPER

Collective Land Access Rights for Enhancing Smallholder Livelihoods

This paper is a working document, and the first stage in the conduct of a joint research in the topic collective land access rights for enhancing smallholder livelihoods. The research will study the cases of Peru and Kenya and analyse to what extent these lessons can be applied to other countries in Africa and Latin America. 

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2
Jun
2015
DESIGN AND METHODS PAPER

Beyond Domestic Violence Laws: What Else Makes Responses to Domestic Violence Effective?

This research design and methods paper is a working document, and the first stage in the conduct of a joint comparative research in the topic of effective responses to domestic violence. The research will study the cases of Ghana and Mexico and analyse how and to what extent these lessons can be applied to other countries in Africa and Latin America.

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27
May
2015
DESIGN AND METHODS PAPER

Informality and Inclusive Growth

This design and methods paper sets out how the authors will explore the transitions between unemployment, informality and formal employment and how they might affect or promote inclusive growth at both individual and macroeconomic level.

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13
May
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Taxes and Transition: Formalising Small-Scale Farmers in Peru?

This Briefing Paper from IIED looks at the Peruvian government's attempts to formalise small-scale farmers, offering lessons applicable in Peru and beyond.

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22
Apr
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Rethinking Democratic Governance: State Building, Autonomy, and Accountability in Correa’s Ecuador

In this paper Dr. James David Bowen argues that stable democracy must rest on three pillars: capable state institutions, the autonomy of these institutions from powerful actors both within and outside the state, and the existence of meaningful institutions of accountability.

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17
Mar
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Local Perspectives on Climate Change: Participatory Video in Somotillo, Nicaragua

This Working Paper from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) describes a case study piloting the use of Participatory Video (PV) methodologies to build capacities and empower young women and men in rural communities.

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6
Mar
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Achievement Gap between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Children in Peru: An Analysis of Young Lives Survey Data

In Peru, indigenous children obtain lower scores on academic tests, on average, than non-indigenous children. In this study, the authors investigate whether a test score achievement gap is found by the age of 5 and whether this gap increases by the age of 8.

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24
Feb
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Open Cities: The Case of Montevideo

The city of Montevideo was the first city in Latin America to set up an Open Data policy. This work analyses the emergence an evolution of Montevideo's open data policy as well as the early uses of data by civil society, private entrepreneurs and the state itself.

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18
Feb
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Minimum Wage and Informality in Ecuador

This paper studies the relationship between minimum wage and employment in Ecuador. In particular it investigates whether or not, and if so, to what extent changes in the minimum wage influence changes on the formality and informality rates, and the level of wages.

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16
Feb
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Human Rights and Resource Conflicts in the Amazon

This report from Rainforest Foundation Norway investigates an alarming increase in human rights violations in the Amazon region. Human rights defenders, environmental activists and indigenous peoples are facing attacks and are being put under systematic pressure; and rights to land and to consultation are regularly encroached.

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12
Feb
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Microfinance Trends in Latin America and the Caribbean 2008-2013

This report from the Microfinance Information Exchange (MIX) and the Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF) offers a complete overview of the evolution of the microfinance industry in the LAC region between 2008 and 2013.

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9
Feb
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Impact of Bolsa Família on Schooling

The authors of this paper estimate the impact of Brazil’s Bolsa Família, one of the largest conditional cash transfer programs in the world, on a range of education outcomes, including school participation, grade progression, grade repetition, and dropout rates.

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6
Feb
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

A Land Title is not Enough: Ensuring Sustainable Land Restitution in Colombia

This report from Amnesty International provides a summary of the national and international legal human rights framework that should be underpinning the efforts of the Colombian state to return illegally acquired land to its rightful occupants and examines in detail the many obstacles that land claimants are still facing in their struggle to return home in a sustainable manner.

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3
Feb
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Next Global Breadbasket: How Latin America Can Feed the World: A Call to Action for Addressing Challenges & Developing Solutions

Drawing on the knowledge and experience of over 30 partners, including the private sector, academia, multilaterals, and NGOs, this policy paper offers a compelling multi-stakeholder set of issues, recommendations and action items for governments and policy makers, the donor community, farmers, agribusiness, and civil society aimed at supporting global food security.

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26
Jan
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

City of Buenos Aires Open Government Data Initiative

This document aims to provide an overview of the Open Government Data initiative in the City of Buenos Aires. This research is part of a broader initiative on Open Government Data policies in local governments in 3 important cities in the Southern Cone of Latin America: Buenos Aires, Montevideo and Sao Paulo.

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22
Jan
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Encouraging Parents' Engagement in Public Education Reform

Against the backdrop of striking teachers shutting down transportation and blocking airports, Mexican legislators are being hailed for approving a set of powerful laws on national education reform.

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19
Jan
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Making Women’s Work Visible: Finance for Rural Women

Women’s World Banking argues that serving rural women in Latin America is important for rural families and viable for financial institutions, but that it will take much more than replicating a loan or savings product that has been successful in an urban setting.

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16
Jan
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Does Participatory Budgeting have an Effect on the Quality of Public Services? The Case of Peru’s Water and Sanitation Sector

Using econometric techniques, complemented by qualitative analysis, the authors of this Working Paper conclude that particpatory budgeting does not achieve an improvement in water and sanitation coverage and service quality in Peru.

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14
Jan
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Lessons Learned from Community Forestry in Latin America and their Relevance for REDD+

This review analyses experiences and key lessons learned over 30 years following the introduction of legal and policy reforms supporting community rights over forests as well as community involvement in the management of forests.

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8
Jan
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Unblocking Bottlenecks to Effective Resource Revenue Management in Peru

Peru’s canon minero program requires distribution of substantial EI tax revenues to regional and local governments, yet social gains are inconsistent across the country.

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6
Jan
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Violations of Indigenous Peoples' Territorial Rights: The Example of Costa Rica

This study explores the issues of widespread illegal occupation of indigenous lands on a national scale. Approximately 6000 non-indigenous persons are occupying at least 43% of the areas belonging exclusively to indigenous peoples.

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19
Dec
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Green Economy in Amapá State, Brazil: Progress and Perspectives

This report from the International Institute for Environment and Development discusses the opportunities presented by the Amapá State government’s intention to make the transition to a green economy.

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17
Dec
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

A New Era in the Fight Against Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon: Opportunities to Improve Policy Effectiveness

This policy brief from the Stockholm Environment Institute looks at why deforestation reduction in Brazil has stalled in recent years and suggests new strategies for decision-makers’ consideration.

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15
Dec
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Land Governance in Brazil: A Geo-historical Review

This paper from the International Land Coalition examines the paradoxes of land governance in Brazil by putting them into their historical context, highlighting in particular the continuing subordination of peasant farmers’ interests to those of large landholders.

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12
Dec
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Measuring Open Data’s Impact of Brazilian National and Sub-national Budget Transparency Websites and its Impacts on People’s Rights

This exploratory research from the Brazilian Institute for Socioeconomic Studies is designed to contribute to increasing knowledge about open data in Brazil. The research is divided into two stages, namely, a quantitative and a qualitative stage.

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11
Dec
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Measuring Compliance with the Inter-American Court of Human Rights: The Ongoing Challenge of Judicial Independence in Latin America

In this paper, published in the Nordic Journal of Human Rights, Dr. Cecilia Bailliet examines the implementation of resolutions of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights relating to the accountability of the military for human rights violations in Latin America.

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4
Dec
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Policy Options for Agricultural Investments and Governance of Markets: In Support of Small-scale Farmers in Guatemala

This report from Oxfam argues that public policy in Guatemala gives preferential support to large-scale farming investments through tax breaks. The limited support given to small-scale producers in public policy is restricted to issues such as land, credit and the supply of inputs at subsidised prices; it rarely covers productive infrastructure.

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3
Dec
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Climatescope 2013: New Frontiers for Low-Carbon Energy Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean

Climatescope is a comprehensive index and report assessing the environment for low-carbon investment in Latin America and the Caribbean, developed by the Multilateral Investment Fund, part of the Inter-American Development Bank, and Bloomberg New Energy Finance.

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29
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Rio de Janeiro: Favela Policies and Recent Social Mobilizations

This Working Paper from the Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research addresses public policies and social mobilizations in informal settlements (favelas) of Rio de Janeiro.

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28
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Americas: Transforming Pain into Hope: Human Rights Defenders in the Americas

This report from Amnesty International highlights both the enormous progress that human rights defenders in the Americas region have helped bring about, and the dangers that they continue to face.

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27
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Winds of Change: The Progress of Open Government Policymaking in Latin America and the Caribbean

This paper from the IDB includes a detailed analysis of the progress of open government strategies within Latin America and the Caribbean, based on an in-depth review of the action plans of 14 of the 15 current Open Government Partnership (OGP) members in the region.

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23
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

What is Legal? Formalising Artisanal and Small-scale Mining in Colombia

This paper from IIED analyses the barriers to formalisation for artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in Colombia and offers approaches to overcome them.

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20
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Peru’s Deadly Environment: The Rise in Killings of Environmental and Land Defenders

This report from Global Witness highlights the Ashéninka’s struggle to gain legal recognition of their rights to their ancestral land, and their failed attempts to solicit support and protection from Peru’s authorities.

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19
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Impact of Oportunidades on Human Capital and Income Distribution

In an effort to inform social policy in Mexico, this Discussion Paper from the International Food Policy Research Institute analyses the effects of a major social program on school attendance and household income distribution, accounting for its partial and general equilibrium effects.

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14
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Violating Rights and Threatening Lives: The Camisea Gas Project and Indigenous Peoples in Voluntary Isolation

This report highlights the existing impacts of the Camisea gas project in the south-east Peruvian Amazon on indigenous peoples living in ‘voluntary isolation’ (‘isolated peoples’) in the Kugapakori-Nahua-Nanti and Others’ Reserve.

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12
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Knowledge Materials on The Green Economy now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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11
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Effective Public Policies and Active Citizenship: Brazil’s Experience of Building a Food and Nutrition Security System

This Oxfam paper concludes that the progress made by Brazil in the fight against hunger and poverty resulted from the combination of the interests of government and civil society through a process of collective, participatory and democrtic construction.

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7
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Local Preferences for REDD+ Payment Formats in Brazil, The Bolsa Floresta Programme, RDS Rio Negro

This study by IIED explores the challenges of determining people’s preferences in the context of the Bolsa Floresta Programme (BFP) in Brazil, which is one of the largest REDD+ pilot projects in the world.

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5
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Knowledge Materials on Brazil's Ethanol Programme now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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4
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Financing Agricultural Value Chains in Latin America: Barriers and Opportunities in Mexico, Peru and Honduras

This report highlights Agricultural Value Chains Financing products and structures that various lead firms, agro-processors, banks, and non-bank financial institutions have designed and implemented to provide financing to producers either directly or through producer organizations, cooperatives, etc.

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30
Oct
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Emerging Impacts in Open Data in the Judiciary Branches in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay

This study from CIPPEC compares the availability, accessibility, sustainability, re-usability and relevance of a number of different kinds of judiciary data in three Latin American countries, including budget allocations, performance statistics, court rulings, selection and removal of magistrates, and hiring and personnel details.

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28
Oct
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Smallholders at Risk: Monoculture Expansion, Land, Food and Livelihoods in Latin America

Greater investment in agriculture is needed to reduce rural poverty and improve food security; but how investment is made, its context and conditions, is at least as important as how much is invested, the authors of this Oxfam Briefing Paper argue.

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23
Oct
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA City-level Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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20
Oct
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Whose Public Spaces? Citizen Participation in Urban Planning in Santiago, Chile

This article in Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) 66 describes the process of community engagement in two urban redevelopment projects located in an eastern commune of Santiago, Chile.

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15
Oct
2014
BRIEF

Alliances Towards a Common Goal: The Role of Public-Private Partnerships in Rural Development In Latin America

In Latin America, public-private partnerships have proven to be a successful tool for promoting rural development. Adequate coordination and involvement of stakeholders at the local level has been fundamental in achieving positive results.

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13
Oct
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Contestations over Indigenous Participation in Bolivia’s Extractive Industry: Ideology, Practices, and Legal Norms

This Working Paper from the German Institute of Global and Area Studies looks at the Guaraníes' participation in Bolivia's gas sector and explains the reasons for the conflicts that have arisen.

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2
Oct
2014
GUIDE

Recognising the Diversity of Smallholder Farmers in Latin America: A New Era in Rural Development

New institutions, differential policy and public-private partnerships are just some of the mechanisms being used by Latin American governments to promote sustainable development among smallholder farmers.

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25
Sep
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Promoting Human Rights Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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19
Sep
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Is Disaster Risk Reduction Spending Driven by the Occurrence of Natural Disasters? Evidence from Peru

The authors of this Working Paper examine the allocation of total disaster risk reduction public spending among regions in Peru in order to identify the main determinants of the distribution of these resources.

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15
Sep
2014
BRIEF

Harnessing the Potential of the Nonfarm Economy for Smallholders in Latin America

Latin American countries have implemented a range of strategies to boost the rural nonfarm economy, with positive impacts on local economic growth and poverty reduction.

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5
Sep
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Climate Change in Central and South America: Recent Trends, Future Projections, and Impacts on Regional Agriculture

This new and extensive study from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) models future climate projections up to year 2100 and takes a close look at how Central and South America's most commonly grown crops will be affected by rising temperatures and unpredictable rainfall.

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28
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Gender Equity Policies Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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23
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Employment Situation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Conditional Transfer Programmes and the Labour Market

This issue of 'Employment Situation in Latin America and the Caribbean' by ECLAC and ILO looks at Latin American conditional cash transfers in the context of the labour market.

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15
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Adaptation in Mountain Environments Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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13
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Global Boom, Local Impacts: Mining Revenues and Subnational Outcomes in Peru 2007-2011

The authors of this Working Paper from the Inter-American Development Bank use evidence from Peru to look at how abundance of natural resources affect socio-economic performance

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12
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Budget and Public Policies Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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11
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The "State-of-the-Art" of State-Owned Enterprises in Brazil

Forming part of a wider study on the Hidden Corners of Public Finance, this case study examines what information on state-owned enterprises in Brazil is publicly available, and what oversight mechanisms are in place, to assess the transparency and accountability of public spending in this area.

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5
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Adaptation to Climate Change in Megacities of Latin America

This publication from the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean aims to document current urban climate change adaptation practice in Latin America by summarising the three workshops of the ClimateAdaptationSantiago project (CAS).

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4
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Microfinance Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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30
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Land Accumulation Dynamics in Developing Country Agriculture

The authors of this Working Paper from the Inter-American Development Bank examine the case of Paraguay to test hypotheses on the effects of land inequality in developing countries.

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29
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Public Policy Reforms and Indigenous Forest Governance: The Case of the Yuracaré People in Bolivia

This case study, published in the journal Conservation and Society, examines the impact of forest reforms in Bolivia on the indigenous Yuracaré people.

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25
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Social Assistance and Labor Market Programs in Latin America: Methodology and Key Findings from the Social Protection Database

This Discussion Paper from the World Bank analyses the data collected for the LAC Social Protection Database and presents key findings in the area of social assistance and labour market programmes.

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23
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Women in the Digital Economy: Breaking Through the Equality Threshold

Prepared by ECLAC for the twelfth session of the Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean, this document systematizes and describes various dimensions that shape the way the region’s women participate in the labour market, and how they access and use the different elements of the digital economy.

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18
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Social Technology Network: A Hybrid Experiment in Grassroots Innovation

This Working Paper from the Steps Centre tells the story of the Social Technology Network (STN), sharing lessons from this hybrid experiment to promote grassroots innovation in Brazil, which began in July 2004.

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17
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Mega-Cities & Infrastructure in Latin America: What its People Think

In late 2013, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) conducted a multisectoral public opinion survey in five Latin American cities to better understand the way citizens perceive the quality of life, the needs of urban infrastructure and the standards of public services.

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15
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Health, Citizenship, and Human Rights Advocacy Initiative: Improving Access to Health Services in Mexico

In early 2009 Fundar, Centro de Análisis e Investigación initiated an advocacy project called Health, Citizenship, and Human Rights (Salud, Ciudadanía y Derechos Humanos, SCyDH), which aimed to improve access to and availability of health services for socially excluded groups in Mexico.

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9
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Employment Situation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Challenges and Innovations in Labour Training

This issue of 'Employment Situation in Latin America and the Caribbean' by ECLAC and ILO looks at the transformations taking place in national vocational training and education systems in Latin America and the Caribbean.

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8
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Disaster Risk Management in Cities Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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3
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Rethinking the Consultation-Conflict Link: Lessons from Bolivia’s Gas Sector

This Working Paper from the German Institute of Global and Area Studies sheds light on 26 consultations in Bolivia’s gas sector (2007–2012) and challenges simplified conceptions of prior consultation as a tool for conflict prevention and resolution.

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1
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Can States Continue to Govern the New Citizenry Using Old Paradigms?: The Political Challenges of Open Government in Latin America and the Caribbean

This discussion paper from the Inter-American Development Bank analyses the political challenges that the Open Government model poses, while also evaluating the incentives, obstacles and opportunities that the Open Government agenda in Latin America and the Caribbean will have to tackle if it is to be feasible and successful.

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30
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Indigenous Peoples' Rights and Climate Policies in Guyana: A Special Report

More than four years after the signing of the Guyana-Norway MoU, this special report seeks to assess the quality of treatment of indigenous peoples’ rights in Guyana’s national policies on land, low carbon development and forests.

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27
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Urban Environmental Governance Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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26
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Gender Equality Observatory of Latin America and the Caribbean. Annual Report 2012: A Look at Grants Support and Burden for Women

This third report of the Gender Equality Observatory for Latin America and the Caribbean, published in 2013, focuses on indicators of physical, economic and decision-making autonomy. It also discusses conditional cash transfer (CCT) programmes and their role as a component of social protection systems that can serve as a means of including women as rights holders.

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25
Jun
2014
BRIEF

Land Grabbing in Latin America: Opportunity or Threat?

In Latin America, government interventions in land grabbing processes provide some preliminary lessons on dealing with this phenomenon, while highlighting some serious threats.

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23
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Strengthening the Capacities of Parliaments in the Budget Process

This policy brief from the Inter-American Development Bank looks at how parliamentary budget offices (PBOs) can enable parliaments in Latin American and Caribbean countries to more effectively influence budgetary matters and fiscal policy.

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20
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Human Rights Study Tour to Mexico

In May and June of 2013, 11 human rights practitioners from Asia and Africa came on a Study Tour to Mexico to learn about different human rights experiences. This tour was organised by Fundar, a Mexican civil society organisation working on human rights and the advancement of substantive democracy.

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19
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Transparency of Tax Expenditure Reporting in Mexico

Forming part of a wider study on the Hidden Corners of Public Finance, this case study from the International Budget Partnership looks at the state of tax expenditures in Mexico.

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16
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Sexual Violence and Justice in Postconflict Peru

This report informs the international community on the continuum of sexual violence in Peru, current legal practices in domestic courts, and the barriers that victim-survivors face in seeking justice.

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12
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Transparency and Access to Information Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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10
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Social Efficiency in Peruvian Microfinance Institutions: A Semi-parametric Approach

This study by Giovanna Aguilar and Jhonatan Claussen of the Economics Department of the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP) aims to assess the social efficiency of microfinance institutions (MFIs) — regulated and non-regulated — in Peru.

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4
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Extractive Industries and Conflict Management Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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27
May
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Climate Resilient Cities - Discussion 1: City Level Climate Change Plans and Policies

Based on interviews with experts from Quito and Mexico City regarding their experiences with city level climate change planning, practitioners from Africa, Latin America and Asia discussed local realities, and considered means of enhancing urban climate plans and policies.

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27
May
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Climate Resilient Cities - Discussion 2: Climate Vulnerability and Risk Assessments at the City Level

Two Brazilian experts involved in climate vulnerability and risk mapping showed participants how such exercises have been carried out in large cities in the country, and why they are so important. Practitioners from Africa, Asia and Latin America discussed whether risk mapping has been carried out in their cities, whether there has been a climate focus and the challenges that need to be overcome for mapping to be more effective.

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27
May
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Climate Resilient Cities - Discussion 3: Integrating Climate Considerations into Urban Land-Use Planning

Interviews with experts from Montevideo, Uruguay and Cartagena, Colombia provided details of how climate change considerations have been successful integrated into urban land-use planning. Practitioners from Africa, Asia and Latin America discussed how these and other methods might be adopted in their respective cities.

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27
May
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Climate Resilient Cities - Discussion 4: Urban Disaster Risk Reduction

This online discussion brought together a range of African, Asian and Latin American experts to debate urban climate disaster risk reduction (DRR) strategies, and analyse the importance of political and financial support in effectively reducing climate risk.

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27
May
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Climate Resilient Cities - Discussion 5: Early Warning Systems

Based on case studies of Brazilian, Colombian and Bolivian experiences with early warning systems (EWS) for sudden-onset extreme weather events in urban areas, experts from Africa, Latin America and Asia examined how EWS may be enhanced in their cities.

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27
May
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Climate Resilient Cities - Discussion 6: Community Involvement and Capacity Building for DRR

Based upon successful example of community participation in urban DRR in Latin America, experts from Africa and Asia discussed existing practices in their cities and how community involvement might be enhanced.

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27
May
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Climate Resilient Cities - Discussion 7: Improving Infrastructure for Climate Resilience in Cities

Experts from Africa, Asia and Latin America discussed infrastructural weakness in cities that are exacerbated by climate change, considered the causes for such weaknesses and possible means of overcoming these. Examples of successful programmes related to energy, housing, waste management and water management in Latin American cities were shared with Learning Alliance participants.

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27
May
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Climate Resilient Cities - Discussion 8: Climate Resilient Buildings and Urban Upgrading

This discussion encouraged participants to share examples of laws, programmes and projects that have improved the resilience of commercial and residential buildings to climate change. In particular, participants discussed the concept of green building, urban upgrading in informal settlements and green roofing.

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27
May
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Climate Resilient Cities - Discussion 9: Low Carbon Development Strategies

Based on successful Latin American practices in low-carbon transport, energy efficiency and waste management, experts from Africa, Asia and Latin America discussed the current state low carbon development strategies in their cities, and the need for further actions.

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3
May
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

FIELD Brief 18: Increasing Impact with Savings-linked Conditional Cash Transfers - Experiences from Latin America

This "FIELD Brief" is part of a series produced by the Financial Integration, Economic Leveraging and Broad-Based Dissemination (FIELD)-Support LWA Program. This brief was written by Stephanie Grell Azar from World Council of Credit Unions.

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30
Apr
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Human Rights - Module 1: A Framework to Protect and Defend Human Rights

The advancement of human rights is a persistent challenge in the global South. Participants in an online learning programme from Asia, Africa and Latin America reflected on the usefulness of establishing and enforcing legal frameworks to protect and defend human rights.

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30
Apr
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Human Rights - Module 2: Promoting and Guaranteeing Human Rights

Participants from Asia, Africa and Latin America reflected on mechanisms for promoting and guaranteeing human rights, and how these could be adapted to their own contexts.

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30
Apr
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Human Rights - Module 3: Collective and Ethnic Minority Rights

Practitioners from Africa, Asia and Latin American reflected on ways to respect and protect collective and ethnic minority rights.

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28
Apr
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Guide and Briefs on Climate Change Adaptation in Semi-arid Regions now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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22
Apr
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Small-scale Farming - Summary: Promoting Small-scale Sustainable Farming and Rural Development

This Learning Alliance guided members in an exploration of Latin American policies and practice promoting small-scale sustainable farming, and promoted exchange of experiences with other countries on key issues such as food security and integrating small-scale farms into large-scale agribusiness.

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22
Apr
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Small-scale Farming - Module 1: Market Reforms: Success and Limitations

Participants discussed Latin American experiences with market reforms introduced during recent decades. With a focus on the impacts on small-scale farming, participants shared their own perspectives and assessed how Latin American experience and knowledge could be adapted to their own regions.

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21
Apr
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Small-scale Farming - Module 2: Addressing the Limitations: Territorial Rural Development

Participants learn about the territorial approach to rural development applied in Latin America and exchange experiences from their own countries.

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21
Apr
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Small-scale Farming - Module 3: Public Policies to Sustain Small-scale Farming

The Moderator aimed to share knowledge and foster debate on three main policy issues regarding sustainable small-scale farming. Participants exchanged their own perspectives and assessed how such policies could be adapted to their own regions.

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14
Apr
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Guide and Briefs on Extractive Industry Investment Policies now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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9
Apr
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Climate Change Adaptation in Semi-arid and Arid Regions - Module 1: Key Issues and Responses in Developing Countries

Based on a wide breadth of experiences with climate change impacts and adaptation strategies, practitioners from Africa, Asia, and Latin America discussed their local climate realities, identifying shared challenges and exploring what could be learned from one another to improve upon current climate change adaptation in semi-arid and arid regions.

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9
Apr
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Climate Change Adaptation in Semi-arid and Arid Regions - Module 2: Strengthening Adaptive Capacity

Based on a wide breadth of experiences with climate change impacts and adaptation strategies, practitioners from Africa, Asia, and Latin America discussed their local climate realities, identifying shared challenges and exploring what could be learned from one another to improve upon current climate change adaptation in semi-arid and arid regions.

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9
Apr
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Climate Change Adaptation in Semi-arid and Arid Regions - Module 3: Long-term Considerations

Based on a wide breadth of experiences with climate change impacts and adaptation strategies, practitioners from Africa, Asia, and Latin America discussed their local climate realities, identifying shared challenges and exploring what could be learned from one another to improve long-term considerations of climate change adaptation in arid and semi-arid lands in developing regions.

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8
Apr
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Growing Greener Cities in Latin America and the Caribbean

This new FAO report – in English and Spanish – looks at the progress that has been made toward realising 'greener cities' in which urban and peri-urban agriculture is recognised by public policy and included in urban development strategies and land-use planning. It is based on the results of a survey in 23 countries and data on 110 cities and municipalities.

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30
Mar
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Introducing the Cities Footprint Project

The City Footprints project focuses on assessing the carbon and water footprints of each municipal government and of each participating city, and on promoting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions and water management measures that contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation respectively.

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27
Mar
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Citizen Oversight - Module 1: Strengthening the Legal Framework to Ensure Transparency and Access to Information

Module 1 of the Learning Alliance on Citizen Oversight discussed howFreedom of Information Acts, regional institutions and civil society initiatives have helped advance the right to information and set strong bases for civil society to work on improving social justice.

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27
Mar
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Citizen Oversight - Module 2: Innovative Measures to Promote Citizen Oversight

Module 2 discussed examples of innovative measures for promoting citizen oversight in Latin America, and participants reflected on how elements of these practices could be replicated in their own countries.

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27
Mar
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Citizen Oversight - Module 3: Improving Government Accountability through Mechanisms for Citizen Participation

Module 3 discussed how Latin American participatory mechanisms have improved government accountability, increased involvement of civil society in decision-making processes and strengthened alliances between citizens and their representatives.

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26
Mar
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Call for Consultancy on State of the Art and Case Studies in Urban Flooding (24-3-2014)

Practical Action requests applications from flooding and disaster risk management experts in Latin America. The proposed study focuses on flooding in urban areas of river basins in the region.

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26
Mar
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Guide and Briefs on Extractive Industries and Land Use now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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21
Mar
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Learning from 20 Years of Payments for Ecosystem Services in Costa Rica

In 1996, the tiny country of Costa Rica took bold steps to initiate one of the first nationalised ‘payments for ecosystem services’ (PES) programmes. The programme has grown tremendously, as the first chapter of this paper will show. It has been the envy of many – as well as the target of often undue criticism, as is frequently the case for pioneers.

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20
Mar
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Extractive Industries - Summary: Achieving Responsible Investments

Participants gained knowledge of a range of Latin American experiences of policy and practice that promote responsible investments in extractive industries, to examine the potential for application in their own country contexts.

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20
Mar
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Extractive Industries - Module 1: Land Use Planning and Access

Module 1 of the Learning Alliance on Extractive Industries aimed to share knowledge on a range of issues regarding land use planning and access in the context of extractive industries. Participants exchanged their own perspectives and assessed how such knowledge could be adapted to their own regions.

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20
Mar
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Extractive Industries - Module 2: Environmental Protection and Mitigation

Module 2 of the Learning Alliance on Extractive industries aimed to share knowledge on a range of issues regarding environmental protection and mitigation in the context of extractive industries. participants exchanged their own perspectives and assessed how such knowledge could be adapted to their own regions.

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20
Mar
2014
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHT

ELLA Learning Alliance on Extractive Industries - Module 3: Preventing and Addressing Social Conflicts

Module 3 of the Learning Alliance on Extractive industries (LEA1) aimed to exchange knowledge on a range of issues regarding extractive industries and social conflicts. participants exchanged their own perspectives and assessed how such knowledge could be adapted to their own regions.

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19
Mar
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Improving Social Well-Being Through New Democratic Institutions

Using data from Brazil’s largest cities over the last 20 years, Michael Touchton and Brian Wampler evaluate the role of a new type of democratic institution, participatory budgeting (PB), for improving citizens’ well-being.

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4
Mar
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Conditions for Success in Implementing CCT Programs: Lessons for Asia from Latin America and the Caribbean

This Policy Brief from the Inter-American Development Bank analyses the experience of six Latin American countries and attempts to identify important lessons for countries that have recently started or that are currently considering the introduction of a CCT.

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13
Feb
2014
GUIDE

Tackling Gender Violence in Latin America

Latin American countries are implementing innovative mechanisms to address different forms of gender violence, including establishing a regional convention, national laws against femicide, programmes aimed at creating safer cities for women and gender observatories.

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29
Jan
2014
GUIDE

Pursuing a Green Economy: Growth Alongside Environmental Sustainability in Latin America

Latin American countries have been implementing some innovative market incentives to catalyse the expansion of the green economy, in particular in relation to natural resource conservation and development of greener energy and infrastructure. This Guide explores these experiences to identify useful lessons for other regions of the world.

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22
Jan
2014
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: City-level Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

The publications presented in this Spotlight cover some of the key issues related to city-level climate change mitigation and adaptation in Latin America, with a particular focus on: the prominent role of cities in Latin America; city-level climate mitigation and adaptation in Latin America; greenhouse gas inventories; waste; transportation; disaster preparedness; health; and poverty.

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17
Jan
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Ethnic Identity, Informal Institutions, and the Failure to Elect Women in Indigenous Southern Mexico

This article argues that the low levels of descriptive representation of women in local political office in Mexico and Latin America is much more than a problem of the purported patriarchal cultures of indigenous and rural communities.

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15
Jan
2014
BRIEF

Payments for Environmental Services: A Market Mechanism Protecting Latin America’s Forests

In Latin America, payments for environmental services schemes are the preferred market mechanism for forest conservation and reforestation. Success stories from the region provide a range of valuable lessons for other countries still struggling to curb deforestation.

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10
Jan
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

21st Century Welfare

Latin America as a laboratory for conditional cash transfers, fast becoming the hegemonic social-protection paradigm for the Global South. In a comparative survey, Lena Lavinas reveals the CCT model as a strategy for the financialization—not abolition—of poverty.

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9
Jan
2014
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: City-level Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

This Spotlight presents an overview of some of the most important organisations supporting climate change adaptation and mitigation in Latin American cities.

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7
Jan
2014
BRIEF

Tackling Institutional Violence: The Protocol for Harassment and Sexual Harassment in the Mexican Federal Public Administration

The Intervention Protocol for Harassment and Sexual Harassment is a pioneering attempt from the Mexican Federal Government to transform the structural causes of institutional violence within the public administration. Initiated in 2009, the Protocol has been implemented in over 30 state institutions, with replication now taking place at local level.

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2
Jan
2014
BRIEF

Incentives for Electricity Generation in a Green Economy: Effective Frameworks from Latin America

Latin American countries are implementing innovative policy and market mechanisms to catalyse the development of nonconventional renewable energy sources. This Brief presents some of the region’s success stories.

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19
Dec
2013
GUIDE

City-level Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

Latin American cities are under increasing pressure from rapid urbanisation, while current impacts and potential threats from climate change are further exposing municipal vulnerabilities. City planners are responding to these twin pressures with innovations in climate-related policies and are making big strides in terms of climate change mitigation and adaptation.

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13
Dec
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Conflict and Coexistence in the Extractive Industries

This new study published by Chatham House aims to provide both host-country and company stakeholders in the extractives sector with a clearer understanding of the characteristics of the relationship between companies and host governments, and the factors that cause and influence disputes between them. Although not specifically about Latin America, it contains many references to extractive industry experiences from the region.

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12
Dec
2013
BRIEF

Green Building in Latin America

Amidst rapid urbanisation, Latin American countries have been scaling-up green building, in some cases achieving significant reductions in energy consumption, water use, carbon dioxide emissions, and solid waste. This Brief explores how.

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5
Dec
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Indigenous Peoples’ Rights to Lands, Territories, and Resources

This new study from the International Land Coalition assesses the international instruments, mechanisms, UN bodies, and other regional and global initiatives that address concerns relating to indigenous lands, territories, and resources. In addition, it carries out an extensive regional review, showing how the situation of indigenous peoples varies across regions and countries.

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3
Dec
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Pursuing a Green Economy in Latin America

The green economy is a development model based on principles of ecological economics and sustainability. Some countries have made substantial progress towards transforming specific sectors, with Latin America leading some of these efforts. The publications featured in this Spotlight provide information on how this has been achieved.

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28
Nov
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Green Economy Policy and Practice in Latin America

This Spotlight highlights some of the key organisations in Latin America working on themes such as forest-based payment for ecosystem services, water pollution abatement and watershed conservation, promotion of renewable energy infrastructure and green building development, and new institutional partnerships that are helping to support national transitions to greener economies.

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26
Nov
2013
GUIDE

Gender Equality in Latin America: A Regional Commitment to Reducing Gender Gaps

Latin American countries are reducing gender gaps by adopting innovative measures to strengthen women’s autonomy while also tackling the structural causes of inequality.

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21
Nov
2013
BRIEF

Rio de Janeiro City’s Early Warning System for Heavy Rain

The city of Rio de Janeiro has developed a highly efficient early warning system (EWS) that is having an impressive impact after just three years in operation. The measures employed are innovative, inclusive and non-resource intensive, and are thus highly applicable to cities in other developing regions.

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18
Nov
2013
BRIEF

Observatory of Maternal Mortality in Mexico: A Civil Society-Led Initiative

Within just 3 years of its creation, the Observatory of Maternal Mortality in Mexico is already making some important contributions to reducing maternal mortality.

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15
Nov
2013
BRIEF

Economic Instruments for Water Pollution Management in Latin America

What are the success factors behind Latin America’s use of economic instruments to improve water quality and generate new revenue for abatement?

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8
Nov
2013
GUIDE

Active Labour Market Policies in Latin America

In Latin America, active labour market policies are helping to improve access to decent jobs by disadvantaged workers and are also demonstrating the potential to reduce informality, underemployment and inequality.

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6
Nov
2013
BRIEF

Advancing Gender Equality Through the Budget: Latin American Experiences with Gender-Responsive Budgeting

Latin America is leading the way in gender-responsive budgeting and is producing some insightful lessons for other regions of the world.

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29
Oct
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Labour Market Policies in Latin America

The publications presented in this Spotlight represent some of the key resources dealing with issues related to labour market policies in Latin America.

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23
Oct
2013
BRIEF

Building Legal Frameworks to Address Femicide In Latin America

By reforming national penal codes and enacting special laws, Latin American countries are taking first steps towards eradicating femicide in the region.

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18
Oct
2013
REVIEW

ELLA Expert Review: Active Labour Market Policies

Here Dr. Jürgen Weller, Senior Economic Affairs Officer at the Economic Development Division of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), offers his perspective on the ELLA knowledge materials on Active Labour Market Policies.

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16
Oct
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Gender Violence in Latin America

This Spotlight presents some of the most important publications documenting the various manifestations of violence against women in Latin America. In particular, these publications provide an overview of gender violence in different spheres (domestic, urban, etc.), the impacts of violence on women’s lives, and different measures adopted by Latin American countries to prevent, address and eradicate violence against women.

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14
Oct
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Labour Market Policies in Latin America

This Spotlight highlights some of the key organisations working on labour market issues in Latin America, including labour policy in general, social protection, employment, youth employment, labour training, labour migration, and labour intermediation.

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10
Oct
2013
BRIEF

The Cotton Field Case in Mexico: Setting Legal Precedents for Fighting Gender-Based Violence

Systemic discrimination is a key driver of gender-based violence in Latin America. So how is a key ruling by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights helping to improve the protection of women’s rights across the region?

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7
Oct
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

5 Years in Juntos: New Evidence on the Program's Short and Long-Term Impacts

This study presents results from a quantitative impact evaluation of the Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) programme, Juntos, in Peru. Using instrumental variable techniques, it estimates the overall impact of Juntos five years after its initial rollout and explores the differential impacts among beneficiaries according to the length of time they spent in the programme.

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4
Oct
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Femicide in Latin America

The publications included in this Spotlight provide an overview of the magnitude and dimensions of femicide in Latin America, including the important factors that produce and sustain this phenomenon such as socio-economic context, and discrimination.

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2
Oct
2013
GUIDE

The Story of Brazil’s Ethanol Programme

Energy insecurity in the 1970s led the Brazilian government to drive forward the development of the world’s strongest national biofuels industry. So just how has Brazil become the world’s largest producer of sugarcane ethanol and what lessons can the country’s experience provide for other regions?

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27
Sep
2013
BRIEF

Promoting Gender Equity in Politics Through Affirmative Action Measures: Latin American Gender Quotas

Since 1991, fourteen Latin American countries have implemented gender quotas. These have enabled the region to establish one of the highest levels of women’s representation in political decision-making structures around the world.

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25
Sep
2013
REVIEW

ELLA Expert Review: Disaster Risk Management in Cities

Here Dr. Fernando Aragón-Durand, an expert member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, offers his perspective on the ELLA knowledge materials on Disaster Risk Management in cities, drawing in particular on the case of Mexico.

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23
Sep
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Access to Justice for Women Victims of Sexual Violence

This Spotlight presents key publications documenting sexual violence perpetrated against women in the context of armed conflicts in Latin America. As well as providing an overview of gender-based violence in the region, these publications draw on specific case studies in order to identify the various underlying causes and institutional weaknesses responsible for perpetuating these human rights abuses.

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20
Sep
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Brazil’s Ethanol Programme

This Spotlight highlights some of the key publications that study, analyse and document Brazil’s ethanol programme. The publications focus on the following specific issues: Brazilian government policies to promote the sector; sustainability issues; expansion, land use and agro-ecological zoning of sugarcane; bagasse, cogeneration and bioelectricity; and advanced biofuels.

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17
Sep
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Gender Equality Publications

The publications presented in this Spotlight provide an overview of some of the key issues related to gender equality in Latin America, including sexual and reproductive health, gender mainstreaming in the labour market and institutional mechanisms for promoting women’s empowerment.

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10
Sep
2013
BRIEF

Latin American Advances in Incorporating a Gender Approach in National Court Rulings

How is adopting a gender approach enabling National Courts in Colombia and Mexico to drive forward important changes in legislation and practice to tackle root causes of sexual discrimination and inequality?

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6
Sep
2013
BRIEF

Capitalising on Public Transport: Reducing GHG Emissions in Latin American Cities

Energy efficient modes of transport - like Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems, bicycles and electric taxis - are providing an effective means for reducing urban greenhouse gas emissions in Latin American cities.

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3
Sep
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Gender-Responsive Budgeting

In recent years, governments worldwide have been implementing gender-responsive budgeting (GRB) to contribute to the advancement of gender equality and the fulfillment of women’s rights. This Spotlight highlights key publications on GRB, focusing particularly on Latin American experiences.

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29
Aug
2013
BRIEF

Labour Market Information Programmes

How can Labour Market Information Programmes improve the coverage, quality and efficiency of labour markets? This Brief provides key insights by drawing on experiences from across Latin America.

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26
Aug
2013
BRIEF

Judicial Reviews: An Innovative Mechanism to Enforce Human Rights in Latin America

Through ground-breaking rulings, judges in Latin America are driving social change by ordering governments to restore and enforce human rights.

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22
Aug
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Urban Climate Disaster Risk Reduction: ELLA Study Tour in Brazil

Managing and reducing urban climate disaster risk is an increasing concern to city authorities and urban dwellers alike. A study tour involving experts from Africa and Asia showed that much can be learned from the coordinated efforts of actors in Rio de Janeiro.

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19
Aug
2013
BRIEF

Access to Justice for Survivors of Sexual Violence in Conflicts: Three Latin American Approaches

From innovative methodologies for investigating and documenting sexual violence, to legal reforms and CSO-led support initiatives, Latin American countries are having success in improving access to justice for women victims of sexual violence.

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1
Aug
2013
BRIEF

Peru’s ProJoven Training Programme

Peru’s ProJoven programme has successfully supported younger and more economically disadvantaged generations to gain the necessary qualifications to secure better quality jobs.

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29
Jul
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Citizen Participation in Latin America

Boosted in part by the region’s democratic transitions, citizen participation initiatives in Latin America have become increasingly common. This Spotlight highlights some of the key regional networks and national organisations working on and supporting citizen participation initiatives in Latin America.

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27
Jul
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Disaster Risk Management in Latin American Cities

This selection of publications highlights key resources documenting and analysing some of the main aspects of the Latin American experience with disaster risk management (DRM) in cities.

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25
Jul
2013
REVIEW

Review of ELLA Citizen Participation Materials: A Focus on Participation to Address Inequality

Here Dr. Felipe Hevia, Professor and Researcher at CIESAS, Mexico, offers his reaction to the ELLA knowledge materials on Citizen Participation.

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23
Jul
2013
BRIEF

From Supply- to Demand-led: Labour Training in Latin America

Latin America’s approach to labour training programmes changed dramatically in the 1990s, shifting from a supply-driven to a demand-driven model. Many of these programmes have been rigorously evaluated, yielding useful lessons for other regions.

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18
Jul
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Judicial Review for Enforcing Human Rights in Latin America

This list of key publications presents various cases from the region and provides insight into the role of the judiciary and other actors – such as public agencies, legislators, plaintiffs, civil society, scholars, and activists – in implementing, enforcing and monitoring compliance of judicial rulings.

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17
Jul
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

‘Pink transportation’ in Mexico City: Reclaiming Urban Space Through Collective Action Against Gender-based Violence

Women-only transportation has become a popular option for urban women around the world who are tired of being groped and harassed in buses, subways and taxis. This article shows how women’s organisations in Mexico City use women-only transportation to create a safe place for female commuters.

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15
Jul
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Women in Politics in Latin America

This Spotlight presents key publications that analyse women’s opportunities to participate in politics in Latin America. It begins with a selection of publications that provide an overview of women’s participation in politics in the region. It then focuses on gender quota laws, gender mainstreaming in parliaments, practices for improving women’s representation and participation in political parties, and finally, the role of the media in electoral campaigns and women’s political participation.

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12
Jul
2013
BRIEF

Improving Environmental Management of Extractives through Environmental Impact Assessments

How have Latin American countries been using Environmental Impact Assessments in order to build more sustainable extractive industries? A focus on Peru provides some interesting lessons.

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10
Jul
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Gender and Violence in Latin America

This Spotlight presents some of the most important Latin American organisations working in innovative ways to promote women’s rights and to prevent violence against women. These organisations play a key role in developing a research agenda and monitoring public policies, as well as providing legal advice, psychological and emotional support and a place of refuge for women victims of violence.

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8
Jul
2013
REVIEW

Context Matters: The Potentials and Limits of Citizen Participation in Latin America

Here Enrique Peruzzotti, Professor in the Political Science Department of Di Tella University and Researcher at CONICET, Argentina, offers his reaction to the ELLA knowledge materials on Citizen Participation.

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5
Jul
2013
GUIDE

Urban Disaster Risk Management in Latin American Cities

Complex interactions between urban population dynamics, social processes and a wide variety of natural hazards are increasing the vulnerability of Latin American cities to disaster risk. So how are cities in the region aiming to strengthen disaster risk management?

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2
Jul
2013
BRIEF

Integral Redress: The Case of Oaxaca, Mexico

In this ground-breaking case, victims of human rights violations formed a united front to demand integral redress from a government responsible for past abuses and crimes, highlighting how an integral approach to redress can happen in practice.

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27
Jun
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Brazil’s Ethanol Programme

This Spotlight highlights some of the most influential organisations that focus on biofuel production, consumption and environmental impacts. Most of the organisations are Brazilian, though the Spotlight also includes groups from elsewhere in Latin America and Europe.

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24
Jun
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Indigenous and Ethnic Minority Rights

This Spotlight presents an overview of some of the most important organisations supporting indigenous peoples’ access to justice in Latin America. These organisations contribute to enhancing indigenous rights through research, advocacy and capacity building activities.

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20
Jun
2013
REVIEW

ELLA Expert Review: Improving Small Farmer Adaptive Capacity in Semi-arid Regions

Here Dr. Antonio Oviedo, PhD, Programme Officer of the Amazon Programme at WWF-Brazil, offers his perspective on the ELLA knowledge materials on Climate Change Adaptation in Semi-arid Regions.

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18
Jun
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Civil Society and Participation in Brazil: A Literature Review

This literature review by J. Ricardo Tranjan at the Centre for Public Policy Research at the University of São Paulo examines studies of participatory budgeting, presents research on policy councils and offers an analysis of studies that treat citizen participation as a constitutive part of the representative system.

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17
Jun
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Right to Consultation in Latin America

Drawing on case study material from across Latin America, the following publications present and analyse progress made on the right to consultation at the regional and national levels, on-going challenges and key lessons learned.

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14
Jun
2013
BRIEF

Turning Waste Into Resources: Latin America’s Waste-to-Energy Landfills

Waste management is typically viewed as a resource intensive activity. Yet some urban areas in Latin America have managed to turn this idea on its head by converting waste into energy and profit.

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12
Jun
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Voices and Flavours of the Earth: Food Sovereignty in the Andes

This multimedia publication from IIED uses video, audio, images and text to describe how indigenous communities are drawing on their knowledge and cosmovisions to rethink the priorities and governance of food and agricultural research in the Andean Altiplano of Bolivia and Peru.

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11
Jun
2013
GUIDE

Citizen Participation in Latin America: Innovations to Strengthen Governance

From small communities in rural Mexico to urban metropolises in Brazil and Colombia, citizen participation initiatives have emerged to improve policies, laws and the public agenda to ultimately enhance accountability and social justice.

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7
Jun
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Gender Equity Policies in Latin America

This Spotlight presents some of the key Latin American organisations working to promote gender equality in the region. These national-level organisations - based in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, Peru and Mexico - are playing a key role in ensuring the advancement of women in their own countries and in the wider region.

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5
Jun
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Disaster Risk Management in Latin American Cities

This Spotlight highlights some of the key organisations working on disaster risk management (DRM) in cities across Latin America. Together these organisations cover a wide range of themes, such as social development, urban risk and urbanisation, and earth sciences, and implement a variety of initiatives, from research and funding to policy and advocacy.

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4
Jun
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Age of Microfinance: Destroying Latin American Economies from the Bottom Up

This article argues that the microfinance model that arrived in Latin America in the 1970s has proven, as elsewhere around the world, to be an almost wholly destructive economic and social policy intervention.

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31
May
2013
REVIEW

ELLA Expert Review: A Focus on the Process of Developing Adaptation Actions in Latin America’s Mountain Regions

Here Marius Keller of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) offers his perspective on the ELLA knowledge materials on Climate Change Adaptation in Mountain Environments.

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28
May
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Indigenous and Ethnic Minority Rights

The publications presented in this Spotlight cover some of the key issues related to indigenous and ethnic minority rights in Latin America, with a particular focus on: the evolution and character of indigenous movements; ethnic minority rights; legal reforms for formally recognising collective rights; intercultural education policies; and access to justice.

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24
May
2013
BRIEF

Sugarcane Agro-ecological Zoning: Greening the Expansion of Ethanol

As ethanol production becomes increasingly lucrative, how can nations ensure that expansion is environmentally sustainable? Brazil’s experiment with sugarcane agro-ecological zoning may provide some answers.

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20
May
2013
GUIDE

Promoting Indigenous and Ethnic Minority Rights in Latin America

Many Latin American countries have begun recognising indigenous and ethnic minority rights as part of a new, broader definition of citizenship by adopting innovative and inclusive legal frameworks and public policies. What are the main features and successes of the Latin American experience?

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16
May
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Mexico: A Moment of Opportunity - Increasing Transparency and Accountability in the Extractive Industries

Mexico’s oil and mining sectors are highly significant sources of economic development for the country with profound impact on the daily lives of the nation’s people. It is therefore crucial to have timely, comprehensive information that allows citizens to hold the government and companies accountable.

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13
May
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Smallholder Farmers and Rural Development

The publications presented below represent some of the key resources dealing with a variety of issues related to rural development and small-scale farming in Latin America.

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9
May
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Human Rights in Latin America

Strong national human rights institutions, an active regional human rights court, a human rights approach to budgeting and strategic litigation by civil society: these are just some of the innovative approaches Latin American countries are taking to improve human rights across the region. The publications presented in this Spotlight provide insight into some of the key issues and experiences from Latin America.

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7
May
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Impact of Conditional Cash Transfers on Maternal and Newborn Health

Conditional cash transfers (CCTs) have been shown to increase health service utilization among the poorest, but little is written on the effects of such programs on maternal and newborn health. The authors of this CGD Policy Paper carry out a systematic review of studies on CCTs that report maternal and newborn health outcomes, including studies from six Latin American countries.

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2
May
2013
REVIEW

ELLA Expert Review: Microfinance in Latin America

Here Prof. Janina León Castillo of the Catholic University of Peru, offers her perspective on the ELLA research conducted on Latin America’s experience with microfinance.

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30
Apr
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Promise of Transformation Through Participation: An Analysis of Communal Councils in Caracas, Venezuela

Communal Councils (CCs) in Venezuela are deemed as part of a greater project of social transformation under a radical approach to participatory democracy.

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29
Apr
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Latin American Microfinance

The following selection presents some of the key publications focusing on the microfinance sector in Latin America. They address a variety of issues related to microfinance in the region, and highlight examples from a diverse group of Latin American countries.

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26
Apr
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Linkages Between Population Dynamics, Urbanization Processes and Disaster Risks: A Regional Vision of Latin America

This report from UNISDR responds to growing concerns about the higher incidences and impacts of disasters on the population and economy in urban areas of the region. Governments in Latin America and the international community have increased efforts to create forward-looking, corrective and prospective risk management strategies.

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25
Apr
2013
BRIEF

Intercultural Health Policies in Latin America

Intercultural health policies have been implemented at the regional and state level, making important initial advances in recognising a health model that is pertinent to indigenous peoples’ culture and customs.

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24
Apr
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Why is Prior Consultation Not Yet an Effective Tool for Conflict Resolution? The Case of Peru

This Working Paper from the German Institute of Global and Area Studies argues that new legislation in Peru will not help to turn prior consultations into a tool for conflict resolution as long as the normative framework itself is contested and the necessary basic conditions are not in place.

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22
Apr
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Intercultural Health Policies in Latin America

This selection of publications that focus on intercultural health policies includes documents that explain how policies with an intercultural approach can be designed and implemented.

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19
Apr
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Women's Land: Reflections on Rural Women’s Access to Land in Latin America

Strengthening women’s access to land and control over its use is not just a matter of agricultural development and food security, but a question of human rights and justice for women.

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18
Apr
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Smallholder Farmers and Rural Development

This document highlights some of the key organisations that focus on small-scale farming in the Latin American context. Together, these organisations cover a wide range of themes, including institutional rural development, land access and use, market access, value chains, food security, and smallholder market integration, and a variety of issues related to rural life, such as access to finance, poverty fighting and infrastructure.

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16
Apr
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Building Resilience to Climate Change Through Indigenous Knowledge – The Case of Bolivia

Indigenous knowledge plays an important role in the way communities interact with their climate in many countries, particularly in Bolivia. It contributes to weather forecasting at the community level, and to the preservation of vital ecosystem functions that help to buffer communities against climate change impacts.

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15
Apr
2013
BRIEF

Peruvian Microfinance’s Caja Municipal Model

The experience of Peru’s Cajas Municipales illustrates a potential growth path for microfinance firms and points to key lessons for sector development overall.

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12
Apr
2013
BRIEF

Pushing Through Reform: Lima's Disaster Risk Management Strategy

In 2012, the City of Lima successfully launched an integrated DRM strategy, creating a budget of US$ 200 million for specific DRM actions benefiting 3.5 million of its most vulnerable inhabitants.

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11
Apr
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Climate Change and Water Resources in the Tropical Andes

This IDB paper discusses the current tensions and conflicts surrounding water use in the tropical Andes from a social and economic perspective. It also focuses on the challenges ahead and possible solutions for more-sustainable and equitable future water use in the region.

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10
Apr
2013
GUIDE

Guide to Microfinance in Latin America

Unique features of Latin America’s recent microfinance evolution - including innovations in regulations and technology - reflect lessons learned that may be interesting for other regions.

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1
Apr
2013
MULTIMEDIA

VIDEO: Judicial Control of Public Policies and Budget Allocations: Experiences from Argentina, Colombia and Mexico

Judicial control of budget allocations and public policies is one of the most promising tools to advance and enforce social, economic, cultural and environmental rights.

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28
Mar
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Latin American Microfinance

This document highlights some of the key organisations that focus on microfinance in the Latin American context. Together these organisations cover a wide range of themes, such as institutional innovation, rural microfinance and microfinance technology, and implement a variety of initiatives, from research and funding, to policy advocacy.

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27
Mar
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Citizen Oversight Study Tour to Mexico

South-South knowledge exchange is a powerful tool for sharing lessons about successful policy and practice, as this video of the citizen oversight study tour to Mexico demonstrates.

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25
Mar
2013
BRIEF

Profit-based versus Production-based Tax Regimes: Latin America’s Experience

In specific contexts of mineral booms and strong government capacity, shifting from production-based to profit-based tax regimes might be the best option. The cases of Peru and Chile demonstrate why.

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22
Mar
2013
BRIEF

Recognition of Indigenous Justice in Latin America

Thanks to progressive courts and the pressure of organised indigenous and social movements, Latin American countries are at the forefront of formally acknowledging indigenous justice systems.

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21
Mar
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Implementing Right to Information: A Case Study of Mexico

In June 2002, President Vicente Fox (2000-06) signed a landmark transparency bill into law. The adoption of the Access to Public Information and Transparency Law (Transparency Law) was a distinctive moment in Mexican politics.

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20
Mar
2013
BRIEF

Government Intervention to Strengthen the Ethanol Sector: Lessons from Brazil

The scale of Brazil’s ethanol production, demand and competitiveness is largely attributable to government initiatives. The varying levels of success of such initiatives can provide interesting lessons for other countries.

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14
Mar
2013
BRIEF

Latin America's Institutional and Regulatory Innovations for Microfinance Growth

Before the 1980s, the microfinance sector was virtually non-existent in Latin America, but now it grows at two-digit rates. How have institutional innovations played a role in this expansion?

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11
Mar
2013
BRIEF

Defending Latin America’s Indigenous and Tribal Peoples’ Rights Through Laws and the Courts

In light of the boom in development projects in Latin America, indigenous and tribal peoples have been particularly successful in enforcing their consultation rights by bringing emblematic cases before their national and regional human rights courts.

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7
Mar
2013
BRIEF

Institutionalising Disaster Risk Management: Latin America’s Systems Approach

How are Latin American countries mainstreaming decentralised, democratic and participatory strategies to disaster risk management across public policy? Through a systems approach, the region is making important advances.

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4
Mar
2013
BRIEF

City-level Climate Change Adaptation Strategies: The Case of Quito, Ecuador

The City of Quito is successfully mainstreaming innovative adaptation practices into development planning under a participative management platform. So how has it been possible to push forward these reforms?

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1
Mar
2013
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Key Human Rights Organisations

This Spotlight presents some of the key organisations working on human rights in the Latin America region. These organisations are playing a significant role in advancing human rights by providing innovative mechanisms to promote and guarantee human rights, and carrying out advocacy, research and capacity building initiatives.

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27
Feb
2013
MULTIMEDIA

VIDEO: An Overview of Human Rights in Latin America

What is the current status of human rights in the Latin America region? What challenges persist and what lessons can be shared?

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22
Feb
2013
REVIEW

ELLA Expert Review: Budget and Public Policies

Here Ezequiel Nino, Co-director of the Asociación Civil por la Igualdad y la Justicia, offers his reaction to the ELLA knowledge materials on Budgets and Public Policy.

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19
Feb
2013
BRIEF

Latin American Experience in Combining Disaster Risk Management with Poverty Reduction

Latin American countries are implementing a range of innovative strategies to address the underlying causes of disaster risk, while at the same time promoting social inclusion and productive growth.

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13
Feb
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Outlook for Agriculture and Rural Development in the Americas 2013: A Perspective on Latin America and the Caribbean

This report, a joint effort by FAO, ECLAC and IICA, provides information and analysis, both of the current situation and context of the agri-food sector and the outlook for 2013.

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12
Feb
2013
BRIEF

Expanding Microfinance in Latin America’s Rural Areas

Rural finance has the potential to help poor people out of poverty, and Latin America has met that challenge in some unique ways.

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8
Feb
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Brazil: No Easy Miracle - Increasing Transparency and Accountability in the Extractive Industries

The future of many resource-rich countries no longer rests mainly on foreign aid but on the extent and effective use of the country’s own resources and how they use them. For that to occur, a focused and concrete approach to improve governance and accountability is critical.

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4
Feb
2013
BRIEF

Latin America’s Rural Family Farmers: Evolutions in Access to Markets and Rural Income Structure

Over time, the rural reality in Latin America has changed, with family farmers now more integrated in markets and significantly less dependent on agriculture for income. What does this mean for family farmers today?

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31
Jan
2013
REVIEW

ELLA Expert Review: Reflections on the Definition of Adaptation Initiatives in Latin America's Mountain Regions

Here Dr. Jorge Recharte, Director of the Andean Programme at the Mountain Institute (TMI), presents his perspective on the ELLA knowledge materials on Climate Change Adaptation in Mountain Environments.

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29
Jan
2013
GUIDE

Human Rights in Latin America

Strong national human rights institutions, an active regional human rights court, a human rights approach to budgeting, civil society's strategic litigation: these are just some of Latin America’s innovative approaches to addressing human rights.

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25
Jan
2013
BRIEF

Victims' Rights in Multicultural Contexts: The Case of Inés Fernández at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights

Through this ground-breaking case, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights set an important precedent: creating reparations for the entire indigenous community in the case of human rights violations against one member of that community.

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22
Jan
2013
BRIEF

Latin American Innovations in Microfinance Technology

In Latin America, innovations in microfinance come not only from new technology, but by focusing on the people and processes making use of that technology, achieving important advances in scale and reach.

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2
Jan
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Open Government and Targeted Transparency: Trends and Challenges for Latin America and the Caribbean

Led by IDB's Institutional Capacity of the State Division (IFD/ICS), this publication presents a conceptual framework and collects different experiences and lessons learned in the design and implementation of targeted transparency and open government policies in LAC.

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12
Dec
2012
REVIEW

ELLA Expert Review: Extractive Industries and Conflict Management

Here Prof. Anthony Bebbington of Clark University offers his reaction to the ELLA knowledge materials on Extractive Industries and Conflict Management.

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6
Dec
2012
BRIEF

Small-scale and Informal Mining: A Big Problem for Latin American States

Latin America has experienced substantial growth and transformation in small-scale mining, meaning it is often no longer small or artisanal, but rather characterised by high informality and an increasing potential to generate conflicts.

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23
Nov
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

A New Role for Citizens in Public Procurement

This first publication of Transparencia Mexicana's 'Citizens & Markets' series aims to approach the evolving relationships among actors by analyzing trends around the globe of citizen’s participation in public procurement processes, a place where governments and companies usually were alone, and where citizens now are thriving to meet and interact.

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15
Nov
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: National Human Rights Institutions in Latin America

This Spotlight presents a selection of publications that assess the main features, history, work and impact of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) in Latin America. Selected by human rights experts at Fundar, these publications highlight a variety of Latin American experiences in which NHRIs have had a significant impact on promoting and defending human rights.

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6
Nov
2012
REVIEW

ELLA Expert Review: Transparency and Access to Information

Here Toby Mendel, Executive Director of the Centre for Law and Democracy, offers his reaction to the ELLA knowledge materials on Transparency and Access to Information.

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30
Oct
2012
BRIEF

Making Human Rights Real: Two Latin American Experiences in the Rights Based Approach to Policymaking

Argentina and the Government of Mexico City are implementing innovative administrative and public policy changes to make human rights a reality. Advances in both countries are uneven, though both experiences have important outcomes to share.

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19
Oct
2012
BRIEF

Rent Distribution and Extractive Industry Conflict: The Latin American Approach

Can rent distribution reduce extractive industries conflict? A focus on the Peruvian case helps highlight how and if these schemes could prove to be effective.

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17
Oct
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

From Impact Evaluations to Paradigm Shift. A Case Study of the Buenos Aires Ciudadanía Porteña Conditional Cash Transfer Programme

This case study looks at how the evaluations of Ciudadanía Porteña: Con Todo Derecho, a cash transfer programme in Buenos Aires, were used to influence policy. Gabriela Agosto et al, show that the three evaluations of this programme were important for strategically sharpening social policy and improving implementation.

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11
Oct
2012
MULTIMEDIA

VIDEO: Citizens Budgets: Spotlight on Guatemala and Venezuela

How can complex budget information be transformed and presented in an easy-to-understand way? This video highlights how Venezuela and Guatemala are using Citizen Budgets to do just that.

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9
Oct
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Slum Upgrading: Lessons Learned in Brazil

Over the past decade, Brazil has made important progress in legitimizing illegal settlements in big cities. However, according this new study by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Cities Alliance, the Ministry of Cities, and the Caixa Econômica Federal (CEF), the technical capabilities of Brazilian municipal governments need to be strengthened if improvements are to be integrated into housing and urban policies that can be implemented in the city as a whole.

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5
Oct
2012
MULTIMEDIA

VIDEO: Latin America’s Budget Transparency Portals

Through their online Budget Transparency Portals, Brazil and Peru are leading the way in enhancing transparency and accountability in public spending.

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3
Oct
2012
BRIEF

Brazil’s Efforts to Mitigate the Environmental Impacts of Ethanol Production

As the sustainability of ethanol production continues to be a hot question, Brazilian attempts to improve an environmentally inefficient production process could provide pointers for those dealing with similar challenges in other countries.

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3
Oct
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Validating One of the World’s Largest Conditional Cash Transfer Programmes

In this case study, Gala Díaz Langou and Paula Forteza look at how the dissemination of evaluation findings led to improvements in the design of Brazil's Bolsa Familia, as well as a major shift in the government’s commitment to increase funding and expand coverage of the programme.

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28
Sep
2012
GUIDE

Latin American Approaches to Extractive Industry Conflict

The increase in social and environmental conflicts as a result of the demand for extracting natural resources has pressed Latin America to look for new responses to address these conflicts, generating interesting lessons learned for other regions.

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25
Sep
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Key Organisations Supporting and Strengthening National Human Rights Institutions in Latin America

This Spotlight presents some of the key Latin American organisations working to support the strengthening of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) in the region, and highlights some of the most important NHRIs in Latin America.

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21
Sep
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Direct Distribution of Oil Revenues in Venezuela: A Viable Alternative?

This paper by Pedro Rodriguez, Jose Morales and Francisco Monaldi examines the possibility of adopting an Oil-to-Cash scheme in Venezuela, today the country with the largest oil reserves/head in the world.

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18
Sep
2012
BRIEF

Latin America’s National Human Rights Institutions: Fostering Democratic Transitions and Guaranteeing Human Rights

National Human Rights Institutions have played a key role in Latin America’s recent history and democratic transition. They have taken a distinct form in the region compared to the rest of the world, one which reflects the specific context and historical moment of Latin America.

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17
Sep
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

"Participatory Governance?" Gender and Participation in Peru’s Local Institutions

Are participatory budgets truly "participatory"? If not, what does this mean for participatory governance projects meant to engage those citizens that have been left behind by corrupt or inefficient representative political institutions? This paper begins to analyse these issues by exploring gender and participatory budgeting in Peru.

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10
Sep
2012
BRIEF

From Manual to Mechanical Harvesting: Reducing Environmental Impacts and Increasing Cogeneration Potential

Mechanisation of sugarcane harvesting in Brazil has been shown to decrease environmental impacts and waste, while also increasing efficiency, energy cogeneration and thus sector profits and national energy security. Learning from Brazil’s years of trial-and-error, other countries could build an ethanol production system with these benefits from the outset.

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3
Sep
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Taxes, Transfers, and Income Redistribution in Latin America

How much reduction in inequality and poverty does Latin America accomplish through taxes and transfers? How progressive are revenue-collection and social-spending patterns? This new 'Inequality in Focus' Brief from the World Bank's Poverty Reduction and Equity Department explores these questions.

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27
Aug
2012
BRIEF

Multi-actor Dialogues for Better Public Policies: Lessons from Latin America

The elaboration of public policy agendas and legislative initiatives through multi-actor dialogues is playing a fundamental role in strengthening democratic practices in Latin American countries. What are some of the key experiences in the region?

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24
Aug
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Citizen Participation in Local Governance in Latin America

Citizen participation in governance at the local level has long been acknowledged to play a role in improving public policies. The following publications analyse the experience of Latin American countries in implementing these participation mechanisms.

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23
Aug
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Mighty Few vs. the Silent Majority - Barriers to Resource Extraction for Poverty Reduction in Peru

Peru is rich in natural resources and the former president García believed extraction would lead to development. However, he had only limited success in spite a strong presidential system. This paper analysis social and judicial forces that limited the level of resources extraction.

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21
Aug
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Citizen Oversight of Conditional Cash Transfer Programmes

The following selected publications illustrate and analyse a variety of experiences in which citizen participation is improving oversight of CCT programmes in the Latin American context.

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17
Aug
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Participation in Development Projects Funded by International Financial Institutions

The following selection of publications provides insights, cases, lessons learned and guidelines to help development practitioners, communities and civil society organisations (CSOs), among other stakeholders, access tools to activate IFIs accountability mechanisms and to actively participate in decision making about large-scale development projects in their communities.

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16
Aug
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Children's Experiences of Juntos, a Conditional Cash Transfer Scheme in Peru

Even though it is widely recognised that children are the age group most affected by poverty, children’s own experiences of living in social and economic hardship are still not well incorporated into most poverty reduction strategies and programmes. The purpose of this study is to find out how children and families in three rural communities in the southern Peruvian Andes experience well-being and poverty, in order to understand what may help them to lead the kinds of lives they value instead of following others’ pre-established ideas of what is best for them.

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15
Aug
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Extractive Industries and Conflict Management

The publications presented in this Spotlight represent some of the key resources dealing with a variety of issues related to extractive industries and conflict management in Latin America. In particular, they focus on: Consultation and Free, Prior and Informed Consent; Rent Distribution; Gender; Indigenous Issues; and Social Movements. Country Case Studies addressing these themes in a cross-cutting way, as well as Practical Implementation Guides are also included.

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10
Aug
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Methodologies of Latin American Report Cards on Health

In the last decades, citizen initiatives formed by academia, the private sector and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in various Latin American countries have emerged seeking greater participation in social oversight of their cities’ public policies. This Spotlight on Publications focuses on the use of report cards to assess quality and access in health care services, presenting four different approaches that have been implemented in Latin America.

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7
Aug
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Extractive Industries and Conflict Management

This document highlights some of the key organisations that focus on extractive industries and conflict management in the Latin American context. Together these organisations cover a wide range of themes, such as arbitration, right to prior consultation, indigenous peoples and human rights, private sector human rights performance, and social and environmental conflicts.

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31
Jul
2012
BRIEF

Community Participation in IFI-Funded Development Projects: Latin America’s Experience

Throughout Latin America, citizens are using international financial institutions’ own policies to demand greater participation and accountability in the large-scale development projects that affect their communities. Here is one such story from Mexico.

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26
Jul
2012
BRIEF

Indigenous People, Conflict and Extractive Industries: Latin American Approaches

In Latin America, recognising indigenous cultural, land and consultation rights is going a long way towards reducing conflict over extractive industry projects.

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23
Jul
2012
BRIEF

Increasing Citizen Participation in Local Governance: Latin America’s Local Citizen Councils

Since the 1980s, Latin American countries have used local councils formed by citizens and public authorities as an effective mechanism to create citizen participation in designing local development policies and programmes.

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18
Jul
2012
BRIEF

Key Advances in Water Management and Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America’s Mountains

Water Basin Councils and citizen participation mechanisms, terracing and ‘water raising’, innovative tools for researching vulnerability: these are just a few of the strategies Latin American countries are using to strengthen adaptation to changing water availability in their mountain regions.

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18
Jul
2012
MULTIMEDIA

VIDEO: Using Strategic Litigation to Enforce the Right to Information in Latin America: a Case from Argentina

Through strategic litigation, in 2008 the Argentinean Association for Civil Rights (ADC) secured a transparency win, forcing a national-level public institution to comply with providing access to information.

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17
Jul
2012
GUIDE

Strengthening Capacities for Climate Change Adaptation in Mountain Ecosystems: The Latin American Response

Over 50% of the world’s population depends directly or indirectly on mountain ecosystems, which are already being impacted by climate change. So how are Latin Americans that live in mountain areas strengthening their resilience to climate change?

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16
Jul
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Parliamentary Power to the People: Analysing Online and Offline Strategies in Latin America

With their ability to shape a nation’s economic, social, and political future, national parliaments wield an incredible amount of power and influence over the citizens they represent. Yet in Latin America, public trust in the deliberative branch of government is alarmingly low.

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13
Jul
2012
BRIEF

How Traditional Knowledge and Technologies are Contributing to Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America’s Mountains

Traditional communities living across Latin America’s mountains possess an extraordinarily broad range of knowledge about their environment and adapting to a changing climate. From water management strategies to agricultural timing and production techniques, traditional practices are making important contributions to adaptation policy and practice.

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9
Jul
2012
MULTIMEDIA

VIDEO: Opportunities and Challenges in Access to Public Information: Experiences from Latin America

In implementing their Freedom of Information Acts, Latin American countries are facing challenges - but also promising opportunities – in guaranteeing transparency and access to information.

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5
Jul
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Extractive Industries Source Book: Oil, Gas and Mining Online Portal

Directed principally at policy makers in resource–rich developing countries, the Extractive Industries (EI) Source Book is intended as a guide to good-fit practice in the management of upstream oil, gas and mining sectors, across the entire EI value chain, from award of contracts to the expenditure of resource revenues.

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4
Jul
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Climate Change Adaptation in Mountain Environments

A wide range of organisations are working in climate change adaptation across Latin America, however only a few focus their efforts on mountain ecosystems. The following document provides information on the expertise and activities of these Latin American and international actors and describes what they can offer to stakeholders in different regions.

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2
Jul
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Innovative Features in Conditional Cash Transfers: An Impact Evaluation of Chile Solidario on Households and Children

Chile Solidario is an avant garde CCT in the Latin American context, introducing innovative features which are aimed at specifically addressing the multidimensional nature of poverty, considered not only as a consequence of the lack of income, but also as a result of low levels of human and social capital, and the vulnerability of a household to shocks.

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27
Jun
2012
MULTIMEDIA

VIDEO: From the Law to Practice: The Creation of the Mexican Federal Institute for Access to Public Information and Data Protection

Mexico’s 2002 Freedom of Information Act was the first in the world to create an autonomous oversight body with the authority to enforce compliance with the law.

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25
Jun
2012
BRIEF

Innovative Mountain Adaptation: A Case Study in Agroforestry’s Economic, Environmental and Social Benefits

Small-scale coffee and cocoa farmers in northern Peru are successfully adapting to the challenges of climate change and enjoying higher incomes thanks to an innovative agroforestry project.

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20
Jun
2012
MULTIMEDIA

PODCAST: Getting a Freedom of Information Act Approved: The Story of Brazil

In 2011, Brazil joined the 65% of Latin American countries that have approved a Freedom of Information Act, making the first step in guaranteeing citizens’ right to information and in promoting government accountability.

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19
Jun
2012
BRIEF

Mining in Latin America: Attracting Quantity and Quality in FDI

How can countries attract foreign direct investment in mining, while at the same time ensure environmentally and socially sustainable economic growth? The Latin American experience offers some answers.

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18
Jun
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

NO MAN’S LANDS? Extractive Activity, Territory, and Social Unrest in the Peruvian Amazon: The Cenepa River

This case study shows how the activities of a large foreign-invested mining company on land held by the Awajun community in the northern forests of Peru have led to a characteristic cycle of state permissiveness in granting mining concessions, thus leading to social conflict.

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12
Jun
2012
BRIEF

Citizen Participation in Evaluating Health Services: The Latin American Experience

Citizen and community report cards are being used all over the world to benchmark public service delivery. So how are Latin American countries using the technique to improve health care?

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8
Jun
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Key Publications: Climate Change Adaptation in Mountain Ecosystems

This selection of publications highlights key resources documenting policy and practice experiences in adaptation to climate variability in mountain ecosystems, focusing on: Adaptation Strategy and Programme Design, Country Case Studies, Practical Tools, Traditional Knowledge, and Sustainable Water Management.

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6
Jun
2012
MULTIMEDIA

VIDEO: The Process of Approving the Freedom of Information Act in El Salvador

Culminating a six-year advocacy process characterised by its extensive citizen and civil society participation, in 2011 El Salvador passed one of the strongest Freedom of Information Acts in the world. This is the story of how the law got passed.

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5
Jun
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Sustainable Cities: Local Solutions in the Global South

As the combined problems of urbanization, environmental degradation, and poverty become increasingly urgent, understanding the links between sustainability and poverty reduction is imperative. A sustainable urban future for all requires raising the quality of life of the most vulnerable.

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4
Jun
2012
BRIEF

Managing Conflict Through Consultation: Latin America’s Experience

Latin America has seen a surge in consultation processes – taking a variety of forms and pushed by different actors from the state, private companies and civil society.

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1
Jun
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Extractive Industries and Land Use

This selection highlights some of the key organisations who are doing work around extractive industries and land issues, covering a variety of themes ranging from land use planning and environmental impacts, to community and indigenous peoples’ participation in decision making and promotion of land rights.

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30
May
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

A Practical Guide to Social Audit as a Participatory Tool to Strengthen Democratic Governance, Transparency and Accountability

This Practical Guide analyzes social auditing experiences around the world and extracts important lessons that intend to provide practical guidance to United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and other United Nations agencies officers, advisers, and partners, as well as development practitioners, donors and governments. It examines the required elements for the design and implementation of social audits, explains the enabling environment that make these exercises successful, and offers practical insights based on practices and experiences.

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28
May
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Public Procurement and Disclosure of Public Officials’ Personal Assets

The following selection of publications showcases how public officials and civil society organisations in Latin America have dealt with the challenges of opening public procurement procedures and public officials’ personal assets to citizen scrutiny. These publications could be useful for those in other regions who are looking to tackle corruption by improving transparency and access to information in these two key areas.

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25
May
2012
BRIEF

Land Use Planning for Extractive Industries

Latin American countries have begun to use land use planning tools to manage competing claims to land in a context of high extractive industry activity. The progress of five Latin American countries – Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru – can offer interesting lessons for other regions.

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23
May
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Social Cash Transfers and Financial Inclusion: Evidence from Four Countries

In a number of countries, two separate, but potentially complementary policy agendas have emerged in the past five years: governments have sought to increase the use of electronic means form government payments and to promote greater financial inclusion. While the two agendas have by no means converged yet, in practice they have often been translated into a single headline objective: to increase the proportion of recipients of government social cash transfers who receive payment directly into a bank account.

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21
May
2012
BRIEF

Strengthening Agrobiodiversity: A Key Adaptation Strategy for Latin America’s Mountain Ecosystems

With their high levels of agrobiodiversity, Latin American countries are implementing innovative research programmes and policies to conserve native and wild crop and animal species. Their work is helping to both promote diversity and facilitate climate change adaptation.

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18
May
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Promoting Climate Change Adaptation Policies – a Pilot Approach from Semi-arid Northeast Brazil

CDKN's Action Lab Innovation Fund is supporting the project "Promoting climate change adaptation policies through the integration of multi-stakeholder dialogues and research-led initiatives – a pilot approach from the semi-arid region of northeast Brazil."

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16
May
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Key Civil Society Groups Using the Right to Information

This Spotlight On highlights some of the key Latin American CSOs using the right to information to carry out independent assessments of policies and programmes in different sectors. CSOs from other regions could likely benefit from gaining access to the variety of creative ways these Latin American groups are using the right to information to push for accountability and reform.

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14
May
2012
BRIEF

Ecuador’s Yasuní–ITT: Rethinking the Conservation vs. Extraction Dilemma

Ecuador has made an innovative promise: not to drill for oil in the Yasuní National Park in exchange for international financial support for environmentally-friendly development projects, offsetting the income it forgoes. Is this a model for the future – and will it work?

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10
May
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Effectiveness of International Anticorruption Conventions on Domestic Policy Changes in Latin America

This study evaluates the effectiveness of Transparency International Latin America and Caribbean Department (TI-LAC) Conventions Program’s strategy. This strategy tries to generate a dynamic stimulus for the effective implementation of the Inter-American Convention against Corruption and the United Nations’ Convention against Corruption in the Americas.

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9
May
2012
GUIDE

Accessing Land for Extractive Industries: Socially and Environmentally Sustainable Approaches

In recent decades, Latin America has opted for new approaches to land access and use by the extractive industry sector. From these experiences, the Latin America region has interesting lessons to offer.

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7
May
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Design, Adoption and Implementation of Latin American Freedom of Information Acts

This selection highlights some of the key publications on Latin American FOIAs’ critical features, the challenges and opportunities of their implementation and use, and the process for adopting them. It divides the publications into two parts: Designing and Adopting FOIAs and FOIA Implementation and Use. These resources – offering access to the Latin American experience – could be useful for countries looking to develop, adopt or strengthen their own legal framework to guarantee transparency and access to information.

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2
May
2012
GUIDE

The Latin American Approach to Transparency and Access to Information

Transparency and the right to access information is now a reality in many Latin American countries. So how has this been achieved?

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26
Apr
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Extractive Industries and Land Use

Questions about land use are inextricably related to decisions about where and how to engage in extractive industry activities. Latin American countries have dealt with a range of land-related challenges, from land use planning and consent for securing access to land, to special considerations for indigenous peoples and environmental conservation, all of which have important implications for governments and local communities. This selection highlights some of the key publications dealing with issues of extractive industries and land use in Latin America.

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23
Apr
2012
BRIEF

Fighting Corruption by Improving Transparency and Access to Information

Using transparency as a tool to fight corruption, Latin American countries have launched electronic platforms to prevent misconduct in procurements and to monitor public officials’ personal assets; so far initial results point to success.

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20
Apr
2012
BRIEF

From Expropriation to Social Licence: Accessing Land for Extractive Industries

Latin American countries have found some interesting strategies for creating agreements between individuals, communities and private companies about accessing land for extractive industries.

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2
Mar
2012
GUIDE

Maximising Investment and Rent Capture Through Extractive Industries Investment Policies: the Latin American Experience

Extractive industry development in Latin America has successfully boosted the foreign investment and revenues received by Latin American governments. The Latin American experience offers interesting lessons, drawing on the diversity of its countries.

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23
Feb
2012
BRIEF

Building the Legal Framework to Support Transparency and Access to Information in Latin America

Currently, 65% of Latin American countries have Freedom of Information Acts, some of which incorporate innovative elements that go beyond the minimum standard for transparency and access to information.

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10
Feb
2012
BRIEF

Using Information for Accountability and Justice: Lessons from Latin American Civil Society

Using the right to access public information, Latin American civil society groups are achieving concrete policy changes, as these case studies from Mexico, Ecuador and Costa Rica show.

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6
Feb
2012
BRIEF

Brazil’s Public Policy Package for Successful Farmer Adaptation

Brazil’s policy package – using market mechanisms and no-regrets policies that address the diversity of farmers’ needs – offers an interesting policy model for addressing climate change adaptation in semi-arid regions.

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31
Jan
2012
BRIEF

Disaster Risk Reduction in Urban Areas

Urban expansion in marginal city areas increases the risk of fatalities and home devastation when extreme weather occurs. But many Latin American cities are successfully tackling disaster risk, driven by effective urban governance.

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27
Jan
2012
BRIEF

Learning from CCT Evaluations

Thanks to their rigorous impact evaluations, clear proof of Latin American CCTs’ effectiveness ensured the model was exported around the world.

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19
Jan
2012
BRIEF

Strategic Planning in Latin America

Strategic Planning has contributed to the emergence of a new style of urban governance based on participation, cooperation and shared responsibility.

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12
Jan
2012
BRIEF

Civil Society’s Regional Network for Advancing Freedom of Expression and Access to Information

By organising regionally, an innovative network of Latin American civil society organisations is successfully expanding the right to freedom of expression and access to information in the region.

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6
Jan
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Arguments: Adaptation in Semi-Arid Regions

Community-based adaptation (CBA) in Latin America is a large field, with many complimentary issues, such as agroforestry, water management, meteorological forecasting, and even the link between CBA and development itself. Each entry below highlights one of these CBA arguments, then describes some of the key publications related to the issue and how they contribute to the Latin American debate.

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2
Jan
2012
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Urban Environmental Governance

Latin American cities are tackling environmental challenges through governance mechanisms and initiatives at the local level. The following list of publications highlights key research, policy analysis, and case studies focusing on the urban environmental governance strategies used by Latin American urban areas.

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21
Dec
2011
GUIDE

Addressing the Urban Challenge in Integral and Inclusive Ways

The world’s urban population multiplied ten-fold during the 20th century. Since Latin America has an advanced urban transition, its initiatives offer interesting lessons learned to help create inclusive, environmentally sustainable and integrated cities in other developing countries.

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12
Dec
2011
BRIEF

Citizen Assessment of Budget Transparency: The Latin American Budget Transparency Index

Latin American civil society organisations have created the first budget transparency index that measures not only if budget information has been published, but if that information is useful. What’s more, it does so by surveying the users of budget information themselves.

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12
Dec
2011
BRIEF

Urban Upgrading With Social Inclusion: The Case of Villa Tranquila

Slum upgrading programmes based on social inclusion and community participation can promote a local sense of pride, ownership and social integration in new urban infrastructure, as demonstrated by this case study from Villa Tranquila, Argentina.

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6
Dec
2011
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Adaptation in Semi-Arid Regions

Community-based responses to climate change build the capacity of populations to adapt in the face of increasing climate variability. This selection highlights some key publications related to Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) in Latin America. The first publications offer practical tools and resources for putting CBA into practice, and the second set focuses on Latin American case studies.

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30
Nov
2011
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Urban Environmental Governance

A variety of institutions are tackling environmental challenges through governance mechanisms and initiatives at the city level. Focusing on issues ranging from housing, land policy and slum upgrading, to disaster risk reduction and participatory governance, below is a sample of key organisations and what they can offer to development actors in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.

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30
Nov
2011
BRIEF

Focus Cities Programme: Multi-stakeholder Participation in City Governance

Three case studies from cities in Peru, Bolivia and Argentina show how urban environmental governance can become more effective by including residents, researchers and local governments in diagnosing problems and developing responses.

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30
Nov
2011
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Participatory Budgeting

Latin American countries pioneered Participatory Budgeting, an innovative mechanism enabling citizens to decide how public funds will be spent. This selection highlights some of the latest and most relevant publications on the topic in Latin America, including country case studies, regional surveys and implementation guides.

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30
Nov
2011
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Budgets and Human Rights

In the last decade, CSOs and local governments in Latin America have developed budget analysis and design methodologies that incorporate a human rights approach to assess the degree to which governments’ budgets and public policies work towards the fulfilment of human rights. This selection highlights some of the key publications in this emerging field, including guides and tool-kits; methodologies for budget analysis of specific rights like health, education and the rights of children; and country case studies, that focus on specific countries but look at a variety of rights.

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21
Nov
2011
BRIEF

Implementing CCTs: Lessons from Latin America

How to achieve the strong education and health impacts of CCTs? The answer probably lies in implementation. So what should countries consider as they plan their implementation strategy?

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17
Nov
2011
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Extractive Industry Investment Policies

The following selection highlights key Latin American and international organisations working on a variety of extractive industries issues, including sustainable development, good governance and poverty-fighting, and across the gas, oil and mining sectors.

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15
Nov
2011
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Conditional Cash Transfers

The following selection highlights key Latin American and international organisations working on CCT design, implementation, and evaluation, focusing on the resources they offer to development actors from other regions.

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15
Nov
2011
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Social Control Mechanisms in Supreme Audit Institutions

Increasingly, Latin American Supreme Audit Institutions (SAIs) are creating mechanisms to involve citizens in the oversight process. This selection highlights key publications about these social control mechanisms.

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15
Nov
2011
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Government Oversight and Supreme Audit Institutions

This Spotlight highlights key Latin American and international organisations working to support improved oversight of public spending, focusing on the resources they offer to development actors from other regions.

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15
Nov
2011
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Conditional Cash Transfers

This selection of publications highlights key resources documenting and analysing important aspects of the Latin American CCT experience. They include Multi-Country Surveys and Country Case Studies, as well as publications describing key CCT impacts like Nutrition, Education and Health.

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15
Nov
2011
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Adaptation in Semi-Arid Regions

This selection describes key Brazilian and international organisations working on community-based adaptation (CBA) in semi-arid areas, focusing on the resources they offer to South Asian and Sub-Saharan African development actors.

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15
Nov
2011
SPOTLIGHT ON KNOWLEDGE

Spotlight on Publications: Extractive Industry Investment Policies

This selection of publications highlights key resources documenting and analysing the following aspects of the Latin American investment policy experience: Gas Sector, Oil Sector, Mining Sector, Choice of Policy Model, and Rents, Taxes and Royalties.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEF

Gas Sector Investment Policy: The Latin American Experience

Since gas is a cheaper and more environmentally-friendly energy source, Latin American countries have pursued various investment policies to successfully develop the gas sector, including a strong focus on regional integration.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEF

Participatory Budgeting: Citizen Participation for Better Public Policies

Latin American countries pioneered participatory budgeting - an innovation to let citizens decide how public funds will be spent. First launched in Brazil in 1989, PB is now implemented in more than 2,500 local governments in 15 countries in the region.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEF

An Integrated Approach to Improving Adaptive Capacity: The Adapta Sertão Experience

Through Adapta Sertão, small farmers in one of Brazil's semi-arid regions were helped to increase their yields, find markets to sell their crops and access micro-credit to buy productive technology – making them more resilient in the face of a fast-changing climate.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEF

The Latin American Approach to Improving Public Spending Oversight

To enhance oversight of public spending, Latin American countries strengthened their Supreme Audit Institutions (SAIs), including by involving citizens in their monitoring efforts. As a result, SAIs have recovered large sums of money and thousands of citizens now participate actively in the auditing process.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEF

Improving Health and Education Through CCTs

Quantitative evaluations show that Latin America's CCTs have had concrete effects on health and education, with documented increases by significant percentages in school attendance and access to health services across a variety of Latin American countries.

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14
Nov
2011
GUIDE

Improving Small Farmers' Adaptive Capacity in Semi-arid Regions

Brazilian Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) strategies work to improve farmers' quality of life, earning power and overall resiliency to adapt as conditions worsen due to climate change. Brazil's creative and successful approach benefits the 23 million people living in its semi-arid region.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEF

Oil Industry Investment Policies

What policy strategy should countries use to boost their oil sector, increasing their revenue from exports while reducing their oil dependency? The Latin American experience offers useful lessons learned for countries evaluating their investment policy options.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEF

Mexico City's Innovation: Budgeting with a Human Rights Approach

In 2009, the Mexico City government implemented an innovative budgeting approach – the first of its kind – to specifically link the budget with human rights. As a result, 75% of the Mexico City budget is now tied to implementing specific actions to promote human rights.

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14
Nov
2011
GUIDE

CCT Programmes: An Overview of the Latin American Experience

CCTs – they are the most celebrated and talked-about development innovation in recent years. In this Guide, learn more about CCTs from the continent that invented them.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEF

Designing an Effective CCT

Interesting and innovative design is the hallmark of CCTs - and Latin American countries are using creative and diverse CCT designs to achieve success.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEF

Water and Climate Change: Improving Access and Management in Semi-Arid Brazil

Climate change is worsening the water scarcity dry areas already face. Through the combined action of civil society and government, Brazil has managed to both improve water supply and put water to its most productive use.

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14
Nov
2011
GUIDE

Improving Policy Impact in Latin America Through the Budget

Latin American countries are at the forefront of pushing through innovative budget reforms to improve policy impact. From results-based budgets, to transparency portals, to participatory budgeting, Latin America's experience is useful for any country seeking to improve the impact of public spending.

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