Publications | ELLA
5
May
2017
BRIEFS

Combining State and Community-led Approaches: The Future for Crime Prevention in Nigeria

This Policy Brief uses studies by the University of Ibadan, Nigeria and FundaUngo, El Salvador to explain how contextual variables such as trust, willingness to act together and social ties define, influence and condition CBCP outcomes in the two countries in their efforts to tackle crime.

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5
May
2017
BRIEFS

Collective land rights: an essential asset for Pastoral communities in order to sustain their livelihoods and the environment in the Andean Altiplano

This brief proposes that, considering communal or condominium land tenure regimes enable sustainable pastoral production systems, public policy should be re-oriented to support pastoralist families’ collective land right access.

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5
May
2017
BRIEFS

Land tenure and pastoral productive systems: sustaining livelihoods through maintenance of collective land access

Given that pastoral communities reside in areas characterised by arid and semi-arid conditions, and where alternative uses of land such as crop farming may not be possible, this brief argues for the maintenance of collective land tenure as it enhances the sustainability of pastoral productive systems.

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4
May
2017
BRIEFS

Strengthening social ties: A key aspect for an effective community-based crime prevention

This policy brief focus on why some communities are better able to confront high rates of crime compared to others. And, given that Community Based Crime Prevention (CBCP) operates in contexts that are far from uniform, the brief also seeks to understand what can be learnt about what drives better results in communities suffering high levels of insecurity.

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4
May
2017
BRIEFS

Women’s Political Participation: the Key to Action on Domestic Violence – Lessons from a Comparison of Mexico and Ghana

This policy brief aims to explore key factors that secure the implementation of policies to tackle domestic violence, contrasting the cases of Mexico and Ghana.

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4
May
2017
BRIEFS

Rethinking the Effect of Informality On Inclusive Growth: Lessons from Colombia and South Africa

This policy brief uses the case studies of South Africa and Colombia to argue that the relationship between informality and inclusive growth depends on the type of informality in question.

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4
May
2017
BRIEFS

[Spanish] ¿De qué hablan los Presidentes? La rendición de cuentas desde la reforma constitucional de 1994

Este documento realiza un análisis de la calidad de información que contienen los Informes sobre el Estado de la Nación de Argentina durante los mandatos presidenciales que tuvieron lugar entre 1996 y 2015. El estudio permite identificar los sectores de política que priorizan los presidentes: empleo, producción, educación, salud y desarrollo social cuando rinden cuentas; educación, obra pública y vivienda y justicia cuando hacen propuestas.

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4
May
2017
BRIEFS

Beyond the laws to action on Domestic Violence: Lessons for Ghana from Mexico

This policy brief seeks to explain the difference the in implementation service provision for survivors of domestic abuse in two countries that passed domestic violence legislation in 2007: Ghana and Mexico. The key difference between the two countries lies in the nature of the women’s caucus in parliament.

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4
May
2017
BRIEFS

Oil and Gas Local Content Development Strategy: The Keys to Success

This policy brief aims to identify common factors in successful local content strategies by comparing the experiences of countries that have achieved reasonable positive local content outcomes.

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23
Sep
2016
BRIEFS

Domestic violence laws in the spotlight: enhancing protection services for survivors in Mexico

This brief analyses the implementation of Mexico’s law on domestic violence and sets out recommendations on how to improve implementation.

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23
Sep
2016
BRIEFS

Mind the gap, understanding the policy and practice of horizontal accountability mechanisms in Argentina

This brief is based on new research examining the accountability of the Executive to the Legislature in Argentina, leading to a set of specific recommendations to improve ‘horizontal accountability’.

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23
Sep
2016
BRIEFS

Providing Stronger Protection for Victims of Domestic Violence in Ghana

Based on an in-depth study of one of only two shelters for domestic violence survivors in Ghana, this brief identifies policy interventions to improve protection services in the country, and recommends a model for shelters that is more suited to survivors’ needs.

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23
Sep
2016
BRIEFS

Social capital, collective efficacy, social-environmental factor and insecurity in communities

This brief is based on new research into community-based crime prevention in Latin America, focused on the case of El Salvador, identifying how actions to strengthen social ties, trust, and the willingness to act to confront crime are likely to be key to the effectiveness of such programmes.

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23
Sep
2016
BRIEFS

Policy Options for Sustaining Productive Pastoral Systems

This brief explores how urbanisation, large public investments and agriculture have put pressure on pastoralist systems in East Africa, with a focus on the case of Kenya, proposing new policies to improve the sustainability of pastoralists’ production systems.

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22
Sep
2016
BRIEFS

Boosting the benefits from extractive industries through local content policies

This brief is based on research into the oil and gas Local Content policies of Latin America countries, and identifies some key policies that are more likely to be successful in promoting economic diversification.

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22
Sep
2016
BRIEFS

Getting More out of the Oil and Gas Sector Lessons from Angola and Chad

This brief is based on new research into oil and gas Local Content policies in Africa, exploring successes with reference to Chad and Angola, and making the case for African countries to establish networking and training hubs to develop small and medium enterprises.

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22
Sep
2016
BRIEFS

On the Doorstep of Formality: Different solutions for Different Informalities

This brief analyses how informality affects inclusive growth, studying informality by different socio-economic groups, and presents policy recommendations for each of these groups.

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16
Sep
2016
BRIEFS

Informality and Inclusive Growth: What South Africa can tell us about the benefits and costs of informal employment

This brief explores the relationship between informal employment and inclusive growth in sub-Saharan Africa, focused on the case of South Africa, with recommendations on how to address different types of informality.

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16
Sep
2016
BRIEFS

Needed: A legal framework for strengthening oversight role of Kenyan parliament

Based on new research, this brief sets out a framework to improve the accountability of the Executive to the Kenyan parliament.

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16
Sep
2016
BRIEFS

Collective Land Tenure Regimes and Vulnerability Reduction in Pastoralist Societies of the Andean Altiplano

This brief provides public policy recommendations to support the sustainable development of pastoralist societies in Andean countries, based on new research insights on collective land tenure and the sustainable management of resources.

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15
Sep
2016
BRIEFS

Community-based Crime Prevention: often Effective but needs Regulating

This Policy Brief uses new research by the University of Ibadan to explore the introduction of complementary, community-based crime prevention models in Nigeria’s largest metropolitan areas: Ibadan.

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15
Oct
2014
BRIEFS

Alliances Towards a Common Goal: The Role of Public-Private Partnerships in Rural Development In Latin America

In Latin America, public-private partnerships have proven to be a successful tool for promoting rural development. Adequate coordination and involvement of stakeholders at the local level has been fundamental in achieving positive results.

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2
Oct
2014
GUIDE

Recognising the Diversity of Smallholder Farmers in Latin America: A New Era in Rural Development

New institutions, differential policy and public-private partnerships are just some of the mechanisms being used by Latin American governments to promote sustainable development among smallholder farmers.

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15
Sep
2014
BRIEFS

Harnessing the Potential of the Nonfarm Economy for Smallholders in Latin America

Latin American countries have implemented a range of strategies to boost the rural nonfarm economy, with positive impacts on local economic growth and poverty reduction.

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25
Jun
2014
BRIEFS

Land Grabbing in Latin America: Opportunity or Threat?

In Latin America, government interventions in land grabbing processes provide some preliminary lessons on dealing with this phenomenon, while highlighting some serious threats.

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13
Feb
2014
GUIDE

Tackling Gender Violence in Latin America

Latin American countries are implementing innovative mechanisms to address different forms of gender violence, including establishing a regional convention, national laws against femicide, programmes aimed at creating safer cities for women and gender observatories.

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29
Jan
2014
GUIDE

Pursuing a Green Economy: Growth Alongside Environmental Sustainability in Latin America

Latin American countries have been implementing some innovative market incentives to catalyse the expansion of the green economy, in particular in relation to natural resource conservation and development of greener energy and infrastructure. This Guide explores these experiences to identify useful lessons for other regions of the world.

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15
Jan
2014
BRIEFS

Payments for Environmental Services: A Market Mechanism Protecting Latin America’s Forests

In Latin America, payments for environmental services schemes are the preferred market mechanism for forest conservation and reforestation. Success stories from the region provide a range of valuable lessons for other countries still struggling to curb deforestation.

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7
Jan
2014
BRIEFS

Tackling Institutional Violence: The Protocol for Harassment and Sexual Harassment in the Mexican Federal Public Administration

The Intervention Protocol for Harassment and Sexual Harassment is a pioneering attempt from the Mexican Federal Government to transform the structural causes of institutional violence within the public administration. Initiated in 2009, the Protocol has been implemented in over 30 state institutions, with replication now taking place at local level.

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2
Jan
2014
BRIEFS

Incentives for Electricity Generation in a Green Economy: Effective Frameworks from Latin America

Latin American countries are implementing innovative policy and market mechanisms to catalyse the development of nonconventional renewable energy sources. This Brief presents some of the region’s success stories.

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19
Dec
2013
GUIDE

City-level Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

Latin American cities are under increasing pressure from rapid urbanisation, while current impacts and potential threats from climate change are further exposing municipal vulnerabilities. City planners are responding to these twin pressures with innovations in climate-related policies and are making big strides in terms of climate change mitigation and adaptation.

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12
Dec
2013
BRIEFS

Green Building in Latin America

Amidst rapid urbanisation, Latin American countries have been scaling-up green building, in some cases achieving significant reductions in energy consumption, water use, carbon dioxide emissions, and solid waste. This Brief explores how.

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26
Nov
2013
GUIDE

Gender Equality in Latin America: A Regional Commitment to Reducing Gender Gaps

Latin American countries are reducing gender gaps by adopting innovative measures to strengthen women’s autonomy while also tackling the structural causes of inequality.

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21
Nov
2013
BRIEFS

Rio de Janeiro City’s Early Warning System for Heavy Rain

The city of Rio de Janeiro has developed a highly efficient early warning system (EWS) that is having an impressive impact after just three years in operation. The measures employed are innovative, inclusive and non-resource intensive, and are thus highly applicable to cities in other developing regions.

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18
Nov
2013
BRIEFS

Observatory of Maternal Mortality in Mexico: A Civil Society-Led Initiative

Within just 3 years of its creation, the Observatory of Maternal Mortality in Mexico is already making some important contributions to reducing maternal mortality.

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15
Nov
2013
BRIEFS

Economic Instruments for Water Pollution Management in Latin America

What are the success factors behind Latin America’s use of economic instruments to improve water quality and generate new revenue for abatement?

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8
Nov
2013
GUIDE

Active Labour Market Policies in Latin America

In Latin America, active labour market policies are helping to improve access to decent jobs by disadvantaged workers and are also demonstrating the potential to reduce informality, underemployment and inequality.

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6
Nov
2013
BRIEFS

Advancing Gender Equality Through the Budget: Latin American Experiences with Gender-Responsive Budgeting

Latin America is leading the way in gender-responsive budgeting and is producing some insightful lessons for other regions of the world.

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23
Oct
2013
BRIEFS

Building Legal Frameworks to Address Femicide In Latin America

By reforming national penal codes and enacting special laws, Latin American countries are taking first steps towards eradicating femicide in the region.

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10
Oct
2013
BRIEFS

The Cotton Field Case in Mexico: Setting Legal Precedents for Fighting Gender-Based Violence

Systemic discrimination is a key driver of gender-based violence in Latin America. So how is a key ruling by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights helping to improve the protection of women’s rights across the region?

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2
Oct
2013
GUIDE

The Story of Brazil’s Ethanol Programme

Energy insecurity in the 1970s led the Brazilian government to drive forward the development of the world’s strongest national biofuels industry. So just how has Brazil become the world’s largest producer of sugarcane ethanol and what lessons can the country’s experience provide for other regions?

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27
Sep
2013
BRIEFS

Promoting Gender Equity in Politics Through Affirmative Action Measures: Latin American Gender Quotas

Since 1991, fourteen Latin American countries have implemented gender quotas. These have enabled the region to establish one of the highest levels of women’s representation in political decision-making structures around the world.

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10
Sep
2013
BRIEFS

Latin American Advances in Incorporating a Gender Approach in National Court Rulings

How is adopting a gender approach enabling National Courts in Colombia and Mexico to drive forward important changes in legislation and practice to tackle root causes of sexual discrimination and inequality?

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6
Sep
2013
BRIEFS

Capitalising on Public Transport: Reducing GHG Emissions in Latin American Cities

Energy efficient modes of transport - like Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems, bicycles and electric taxis - are providing an effective means for reducing urban greenhouse gas emissions in Latin American cities.

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29
Aug
2013
BRIEFS

Labour Market Information Programmes

How can Labour Market Information Programmes improve the coverage, quality and efficiency of labour markets? This Brief provides key insights by drawing on experiences from across Latin America.

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26
Aug
2013
BRIEFS

Judicial Reviews: An Innovative Mechanism to Enforce Human Rights in Latin America

Through ground-breaking rulings, judges in Latin America are driving social change by ordering governments to restore and enforce human rights.

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19
Aug
2013
BRIEFS

Access to Justice for Survivors of Sexual Violence in Conflicts: Three Latin American Approaches

From innovative methodologies for investigating and documenting sexual violence, to legal reforms and CSO-led support initiatives, Latin American countries are having success in improving access to justice for women victims of sexual violence.

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1
Aug
2013
BRIEFS

Peru’s ProJoven Training Programme

Peru’s ProJoven programme has successfully supported younger and more economically disadvantaged generations to gain the necessary qualifications to secure better quality jobs.

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23
Jul
2013
BRIEFS

From Supply- to Demand-led: Labour Training in Latin America

Latin America’s approach to labour training programmes changed dramatically in the 1990s, shifting from a supply-driven to a demand-driven model. Many of these programmes have been rigorously evaluated, yielding useful lessons for other regions.

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12
Jul
2013
BRIEFS

Improving Environmental Management of Extractives through Environmental Impact Assessments

How have Latin American countries been using Environmental Impact Assessments in order to build more sustainable extractive industries? A focus on Peru provides some interesting lessons.

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5
Jul
2013
GUIDE

Urban Disaster Risk Management in Latin American Cities

Complex interactions between urban population dynamics, social processes and a wide variety of natural hazards are increasing the vulnerability of Latin American cities to disaster risk. So how are cities in the region aiming to strengthen disaster risk management?

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2
Jul
2013
BRIEFS

Integral Redress: The Case of Oaxaca, Mexico

In this ground-breaking case, victims of human rights violations formed a united front to demand integral redress from a government responsible for past abuses and crimes, highlighting how an integral approach to redress can happen in practice.

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14
Jun
2013
BRIEFS

Turning Waste Into Resources: Latin America’s Waste-to-Energy Landfills

Waste management is typically viewed as a resource intensive activity. Yet some urban areas in Latin America have managed to turn this idea on its head by converting waste into energy and profit.

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11
Jun
2013
GUIDE

Citizen Participation in Latin America: Innovations to Strengthen Governance

From small communities in rural Mexico to urban metropolises in Brazil and Colombia, citizen participation initiatives have emerged to improve policies, laws and the public agenda to ultimately enhance accountability and social justice.

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24
May
2013
BRIEFS

Sugarcane Agro-ecological Zoning: Greening the Expansion of Ethanol

As ethanol production becomes increasingly lucrative, how can nations ensure that expansion is environmentally sustainable? Brazil’s experiment with sugarcane agro-ecological zoning may provide some answers.

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20
May
2013
GUIDE

Promoting Indigenous and Ethnic Minority Rights in Latin America

Many Latin American countries have begun recognising indigenous and ethnic minority rights as part of a new, broader definition of citizenship by adopting innovative and inclusive legal frameworks and public policies. What are the main features and successes of the Latin American experience?

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25
Apr
2013
BRIEFS

Intercultural Health Policies in Latin America

Intercultural health policies have been implemented at the regional and state level, making important initial advances in recognising a health model that is pertinent to indigenous peoples’ culture and customs.

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15
Apr
2013
BRIEFS

Peruvian Microfinance’s Caja Municipal Model

The experience of Peru’s Cajas Municipales illustrates a potential growth path for microfinance firms and points to key lessons for sector development overall.

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12
Apr
2013
BRIEFS

Pushing Through Reform: Lima's Disaster Risk Management Strategy

In 2012, the City of Lima successfully launched an integrated DRM strategy, creating a budget of US$ 200 million for specific DRM actions benefiting 3.5 million of its most vulnerable inhabitants.

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10
Apr
2013
GUIDE

Guide to Microfinance in Latin America

Unique features of Latin America’s recent microfinance evolution - including innovations in regulations and technology - reflect lessons learned that may be interesting for other regions.

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25
Mar
2013
BRIEFS

Profit-based versus Production-based Tax Regimes: Latin America’s Experience

In specific contexts of mineral booms and strong government capacity, shifting from production-based to profit-based tax regimes might be the best option. The cases of Peru and Chile demonstrate why.

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22
Mar
2013
BRIEFS

Recognition of Indigenous Justice in Latin America

Thanks to progressive courts and the pressure of organised indigenous and social movements, Latin American countries are at the forefront of formally acknowledging indigenous justice systems.

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20
Mar
2013
BRIEFS

Government Intervention to Strengthen the Ethanol Sector: Lessons from Brazil

The scale of Brazil’s ethanol production, demand and competitiveness is largely attributable to government initiatives. The varying levels of success of such initiatives can provide interesting lessons for other countries.

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14
Mar
2013
BRIEFS

Latin America's Institutional and Regulatory Innovations for Microfinance Growth

Before the 1980s, the microfinance sector was virtually non-existent in Latin America, but now it grows at two-digit rates. How have institutional innovations played a role in this expansion?

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11
Mar
2013
BRIEFS

Defending Latin America’s Indigenous and Tribal Peoples’ Rights Through Laws and the Courts

In light of the boom in development projects in Latin America, indigenous and tribal peoples have been particularly successful in enforcing their consultation rights by bringing emblematic cases before their national and regional human rights courts.

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7
Mar
2013
BRIEFS

Institutionalising Disaster Risk Management: Latin America’s Systems Approach

How are Latin American countries mainstreaming decentralised, democratic and participatory strategies to disaster risk management across public policy? Through a systems approach, the region is making important advances.

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4
Mar
2013
BRIEFS

City-level Climate Change Adaptation Strategies: The Case of Quito, Ecuador

The City of Quito is successfully mainstreaming innovative adaptation practices into development planning under a participative management platform. So how has it been possible to push forward these reforms?

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19
Feb
2013
BRIEFS

Latin American Experience in Combining Disaster Risk Management with Poverty Reduction

Latin American countries are implementing a range of innovative strategies to address the underlying causes of disaster risk, while at the same time promoting social inclusion and productive growth.

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12
Feb
2013
BRIEFS

Expanding Microfinance in Latin America’s Rural Areas

Rural finance has the potential to help poor people out of poverty, and Latin America has met that challenge in some unique ways.

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4
Feb
2013
BRIEFS

Latin America’s Rural Family Farmers: Evolutions in Access to Markets and Rural Income Structure

Over time, the rural reality in Latin America has changed, with family farmers now more integrated in markets and significantly less dependent on agriculture for income. What does this mean for family farmers today?

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29
Jan
2013
GUIDE

Human Rights in Latin America

Strong national human rights institutions, an active regional human rights court, a human rights approach to budgeting, civil society's strategic litigation: these are just some of Latin America’s innovative approaches to addressing human rights.

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25
Jan
2013
BRIEFS

Victims' Rights in Multicultural Contexts: The Case of Inés Fernández at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights

Through this ground-breaking case, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights set an important precedent: creating reparations for the entire indigenous community in the case of human rights violations against one member of that community.

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22
Jan
2013
BRIEFS

Latin American Innovations in Microfinance Technology

In Latin America, innovations in microfinance come not only from new technology, but by focusing on the people and processes making use of that technology, achieving important advances in scale and reach.

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6
Dec
2012
BRIEFS

Small-scale and Informal Mining: A Big Problem for Latin American States

Latin America has experienced substantial growth and transformation in small-scale mining, meaning it is often no longer small or artisanal, but rather characterised by high informality and an increasing potential to generate conflicts.

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30
Oct
2012
BRIEFS

Making Human Rights Real: Two Latin American Experiences in the Rights Based Approach to Policymaking

Argentina and the Government of Mexico City are implementing innovative administrative and public policy changes to make human rights a reality. Advances in both countries are uneven, though both experiences have important outcomes to share.

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19
Oct
2012
BRIEFS

Rent Distribution and Extractive Industry Conflict: The Latin American Approach

Can rent distribution reduce extractive industries conflict? A focus on the Peruvian case helps highlight how and if these schemes could prove to be effective.

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3
Oct
2012
BRIEFS

Brazil’s Efforts to Mitigate the Environmental Impacts of Ethanol Production

As the sustainability of ethanol production continues to be a hot question, Brazilian attempts to improve an environmentally inefficient production process could provide pointers for those dealing with similar challenges in other countries.

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28
Sep
2012
GUIDE

Latin American Approaches to Extractive Industry Conflict

The increase in social and environmental conflicts as a result of the demand for extracting natural resources has pressed Latin America to look for new responses to address these conflicts, generating interesting lessons learned for other regions.

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18
Sep
2012
BRIEFS

Latin America’s National Human Rights Institutions: Fostering Democratic Transitions and Guaranteeing Human Rights

National Human Rights Institutions have played a key role in Latin America’s recent history and democratic transition. They have taken a distinct form in the region compared to the rest of the world, one which reflects the specific context and historical moment of Latin America.

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10
Sep
2012
BRIEFS

From Manual to Mechanical Harvesting: Reducing Environmental Impacts and Increasing Cogeneration Potential

Mechanisation of sugarcane harvesting in Brazil has been shown to decrease environmental impacts and waste, while also increasing efficiency, energy cogeneration and thus sector profits and national energy security. Learning from Brazil’s years of trial-and-error, other countries could build an ethanol production system with these benefits from the outset.

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27
Aug
2012
BRIEFS

Multi-actor Dialogues for Better Public Policies: Lessons from Latin America

The elaboration of public policy agendas and legislative initiatives through multi-actor dialogues is playing a fundamental role in strengthening democratic practices in Latin American countries. What are some of the key experiences in the region?

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31
Jul
2012
BRIEFS

Community Participation in IFI-Funded Development Projects: Latin America’s Experience

Throughout Latin America, citizens are using international financial institutions’ own policies to demand greater participation and accountability in the large-scale development projects that affect their communities. Here is one such story from Mexico.

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26
Jul
2012
BRIEFS

Indigenous People, Conflict and Extractive Industries: Latin American Approaches

In Latin America, recognising indigenous cultural, land and consultation rights is going a long way towards reducing conflict over extractive industry projects.

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23
Jul
2012
BRIEFS

Increasing Citizen Participation in Local Governance: Latin America’s Local Citizen Councils

Since the 1980s, Latin American countries have used local councils formed by citizens and public authorities as an effective mechanism to create citizen participation in designing local development policies and programmes.

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18
Jul
2012
BRIEFS

Key Advances in Water Management and Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America’s Mountains

Water Basin Councils and citizen participation mechanisms, terracing and ‘water raising’, innovative tools for researching vulnerability: these are just a few of the strategies Latin American countries are using to strengthen adaptation to changing water availability in their mountain regions.

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17
Jul
2012
GUIDE

Strengthening Capacities for Climate Change Adaptation in Mountain Ecosystems: The Latin American Response

Over 50% of the world’s population depends directly or indirectly on mountain ecosystems, which are already being impacted by climate change. So how are Latin Americans that live in mountain areas strengthening their resilience to climate change?

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13
Jul
2012
BRIEFS

How Traditional Knowledge and Technologies are Contributing to Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America’s Mountains

Traditional communities living across Latin America’s mountains possess an extraordinarily broad range of knowledge about their environment and adapting to a changing climate. From water management strategies to agricultural timing and production techniques, traditional practices are making important contributions to adaptation policy and practice.

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25
Jun
2012
BRIEFS

Innovative Mountain Adaptation: A Case Study in Agroforestry’s Economic, Environmental and Social Benefits

Small-scale coffee and cocoa farmers in northern Peru are successfully adapting to the challenges of climate change and enjoying higher incomes thanks to an innovative agroforestry project.

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19
Jun
2012
BRIEFS

Mining in Latin America: Attracting Quantity and Quality in FDI

How can countries attract foreign direct investment in mining, while at the same time ensure environmentally and socially sustainable economic growth? The Latin American experience offers some answers.

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12
Jun
2012
BRIEFS

Citizen Participation in Evaluating Health Services: The Latin American Experience

Citizen and community report cards are being used all over the world to benchmark public service delivery. So how are Latin American countries using the technique to improve health care?

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4
Jun
2012
BRIEFS

Managing Conflict Through Consultation: Latin America’s Experience

Latin America has seen a surge in consultation processes – taking a variety of forms and pushed by different actors from the state, private companies and civil society.

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25
May
2012
BRIEFS

Land Use Planning for Extractive Industries

Latin American countries have begun to use land use planning tools to manage competing claims to land in a context of high extractive industry activity. The progress of five Latin American countries – Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru – can offer interesting lessons for other regions.

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21
May
2012
BRIEFS

Strengthening Agrobiodiversity: A Key Adaptation Strategy for Latin America’s Mountain Ecosystems

With their high levels of agrobiodiversity, Latin American countries are implementing innovative research programmes and policies to conserve native and wild crop and animal species. Their work is helping to both promote diversity and facilitate climate change adaptation.

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14
May
2012
BRIEFS

Ecuador’s Yasuní–ITT: Rethinking the Conservation vs. Extraction Dilemma

Ecuador has made an innovative promise: not to drill for oil in the Yasuní National Park in exchange for international financial support for environmentally-friendly development projects, offsetting the income it forgoes. Is this a model for the future – and will it work?

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9
May
2012
GUIDE

Accessing Land for Extractive Industries: Socially and Environmentally Sustainable Approaches

In recent decades, Latin America has opted for new approaches to land access and use by the extractive industry sector. From these experiences, the Latin America region has interesting lessons to offer.

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2
May
2012
GUIDE

The Latin American Approach to Transparency and Access to Information

Transparency and the right to access information is now a reality in many Latin American countries. So how has this been achieved?

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23
Apr
2012
BRIEFS

Fighting Corruption by Improving Transparency and Access to Information

Using transparency as a tool to fight corruption, Latin American countries have launched electronic platforms to prevent misconduct in procurements and to monitor public officials’ personal assets; so far initial results point to success.

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20
Apr
2012
BRIEFS

From Expropriation to Social Licence: Accessing Land for Extractive Industries

Latin American countries have found some interesting strategies for creating agreements between individuals, communities and private companies about accessing land for extractive industries.

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2
Mar
2012
GUIDE

Maximising Investment and Rent Capture Through Extractive Industries Investment Policies: the Latin American Experience

Extractive industry development in Latin America has successfully boosted the foreign investment and revenues received by Latin American governments. The Latin American experience offers interesting lessons, drawing on the diversity of its countries.

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23
Feb
2012
BRIEFS

Building the Legal Framework to Support Transparency and Access to Information in Latin America

Currently, 65% of Latin American countries have Freedom of Information Acts, some of which incorporate innovative elements that go beyond the minimum standard for transparency and access to information.

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10
Feb
2012
BRIEFS

Using Information for Accountability and Justice: Lessons from Latin American Civil Society

Using the right to access public information, Latin American civil society groups are achieving concrete policy changes, as these case studies from Mexico, Ecuador and Costa Rica show.

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6
Feb
2012
BRIEFS

Brazil’s Public Policy Package for Successful Farmer Adaptation

Brazil’s policy package – using market mechanisms and no-regrets policies that address the diversity of farmers’ needs – offers an interesting policy model for addressing climate change adaptation in semi-arid regions.

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31
Jan
2012
BRIEFS

Disaster Risk Reduction in Urban Areas

Urban expansion in marginal city areas increases the risk of fatalities and home devastation when extreme weather occurs. But many Latin American cities are successfully tackling disaster risk, driven by effective urban governance.

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27
Jan
2012
BRIEFS

Learning from CCT Evaluations

Thanks to their rigorous impact evaluations, clear proof of Latin American CCTs’ effectiveness ensured the model was exported around the world.

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19
Jan
2012
BRIEFS

Strategic Planning in Latin America

Strategic Planning has contributed to the emergence of a new style of urban governance based on participation, cooperation and shared responsibility.

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12
Jan
2012
BRIEFS

Civil Society’s Regional Network for Advancing Freedom of Expression and Access to Information

By organising regionally, an innovative network of Latin American civil society organisations is successfully expanding the right to freedom of expression and access to information in the region.

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21
Dec
2011
GUIDE

Addressing the Urban Challenge in Integral and Inclusive Ways

The world’s urban population multiplied ten-fold during the 20th century. Since Latin America has an advanced urban transition, its initiatives offer interesting lessons learned to help create inclusive, environmentally sustainable and integrated cities in other developing countries.

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12
Dec
2011
BRIEFS

Citizen Assessment of Budget Transparency: The Latin American Budget Transparency Index

Latin American civil society organisations have created the first budget transparency index that measures not only if budget information has been published, but if that information is useful. What’s more, it does so by surveying the users of budget information themselves.

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12
Dec
2011
BRIEFS

Urban Upgrading With Social Inclusion: The Case of Villa Tranquila

Slum upgrading programmes based on social inclusion and community participation can promote a local sense of pride, ownership and social integration in new urban infrastructure, as demonstrated by this case study from Villa Tranquila, Argentina.

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30
Nov
2011
BRIEFS

Focus Cities Programme: Multi-stakeholder Participation in City Governance

Three case studies from cities in Peru, Bolivia and Argentina show how urban environmental governance can become more effective by including residents, researchers and local governments in diagnosing problems and developing responses.

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21
Nov
2011
BRIEFS

Implementing CCTs: Lessons from Latin America

How to achieve the strong education and health impacts of CCTs? The answer probably lies in implementation. So what should countries consider as they plan their implementation strategy?

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEFS

Gas Sector Investment Policy: The Latin American Experience

Since gas is a cheaper and more environmentally-friendly energy source, Latin American countries have pursued various investment policies to successfully develop the gas sector, including a strong focus on regional integration.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEFS

Participatory Budgeting: Citizen Participation for Better Public Policies

Latin American countries pioneered participatory budgeting - an innovation to let citizens decide how public funds will be spent. First launched in Brazil in 1989, PB is now implemented in more than 2,500 local governments in 15 countries in the region.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEFS

An Integrated Approach to Improving Adaptive Capacity: The Adapta Sertão Experience

Through Adapta Sertão, small farmers in one of Brazil's semi-arid regions were helped to increase their yields, find markets to sell their crops and access micro-credit to buy productive technology – making them more resilient in the face of a fast-changing climate.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEFS

The Latin American Approach to Improving Public Spending Oversight

To enhance oversight of public spending, Latin American countries strengthened their Supreme Audit Institutions (SAIs), including by involving citizens in their monitoring efforts. As a result, SAIs have recovered large sums of money and thousands of citizens now participate actively in the auditing process.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEFS

Improving Health and Education Through CCTs

Quantitative evaluations show that Latin America's CCTs have had concrete effects on health and education, with documented increases by significant percentages in school attendance and access to health services across a variety of Latin American countries.

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14
Nov
2011
GUIDE

Improving Small Farmers' Adaptive Capacity in Semi-arid Regions

Brazilian Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) strategies work to improve farmers' quality of life, earning power and overall resiliency to adapt as conditions worsen due to climate change. Brazil's creative and successful approach benefits the 23 million people living in its semi-arid region.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEFS

Oil Industry Investment Policies

What policy strategy should countries use to boost their oil sector, increasing their revenue from exports while reducing their oil dependency? The Latin American experience offers useful lessons learned for countries evaluating their investment policy options.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEFS

Mexico City's Innovation: Budgeting with a Human Rights Approach

In 2009, the Mexico City government implemented an innovative budgeting approach – the first of its kind – to specifically link the budget with human rights. As a result, 75% of the Mexico City budget is now tied to implementing specific actions to promote human rights.

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14
Nov
2011
GUIDE

CCT Programmes: An Overview of the Latin American Experience

CCTs – they are the most celebrated and talked-about development innovation in recent years. In this Guide, learn more about CCTs from the continent that invented them.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEFS

Designing an Effective CCT

Interesting and innovative design is the hallmark of CCTs - and Latin American countries are using creative and diverse CCT designs to achieve success.

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14
Nov
2011
BRIEFS

Water and Climate Change: Improving Access and Management in Semi-Arid Brazil

Climate change is worsening the water scarcity dry areas already face. Through the combined action of civil society and government, Brazil has managed to both improve water supply and put water to its most productive use.

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14
Nov
2011
GUIDE

Improving Policy Impact in Latin America Through the Budget

Latin American countries are at the forefront of pushing through innovative budget reforms to improve policy impact. From results-based budgets, to transparency portals, to participatory budgeting, Latin America's experience is useful for any country seeking to improve the impact of public spending.

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