Publications | ELLA
23
Mar
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

On the Institutionalization of Congress (es) in Latin America and Beyond

This paper is sketches an agenda to study the determinants of and the process by which strong policymaking institutions develop, with special focus on the potentially most central policymaking institution in a democracy: Congress

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23
Mar
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Employment and Taxes in Latin America

This paper analyses the labour effects of taxes and explores empirically the effects of payroll taxes, the VAT and corporate income taxes. It uses national-level data of labour variables for 15 Latin American countries

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23
Mar
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

What works in reducing community violence

This systematic meta-review analyses a wide array of evidence on programmatic interventions on reducing community violence in Central America.

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22
Mar
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Global Review of the Economics of Pastoralism

The review of the literature on pastoralist economics is a contribution to the global learning on the importance of mobile pastoralism as a form of productive and sustainable land management. The review is intended to highlight existing knowledge on the value of pastoralism, the gaps in this knowledge, trends in pastoral economies and policy options that can support drylands economies most effectively.

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22
Mar
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Energy reform and local content in Mexico

This study analyses the future effect of the changes in the hydrocarbon sector on the mining sector in Mexico, with emphasis on existing and potential linkages between the two sectors stemming from local content policies.

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22
Mar
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

What Makes Domestic Violence Legislation More Effective?

This Paper analyses the role women play in promoting more effective legislations to confront Domestic Violence. It analyses their role in monitoring policies too, and highlights key action on how to accomplish this based on real examples.

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15
Feb
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Acceso a tierra y estrategias de vida de los jóvenes rurales

Los territorios rurales atraviesan procesos de envejecimiento y una de las causas principales es la emigración de los jóvenes a los centros urbanos. Las razones para dejar el campo y la agricultura son en parte las barreras que enfrentan al insertarse social y productivamente en sus comunidades y el acceso seguro a la tierra es el factor clave.

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11
Jan
2016
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Exclusión social, violencia y respuestas comunitarias en ciudades centroamericanas: explicando variaciones para orientar políticas

¿Por qué comunidades que son comparables en términos de desigualdad social y económica y exclusión sufren diferentes niveles de violencia? Esta investigación (El Salvador y Costa Rica)plantea que en territorios urbanos marginales, comparables en términos de exclusión social, puede haber distintos niveles de violencia por las diferencias de capacidades de la acción comunitaria para afrontar el fenómeno de la violencia.

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30
Nov
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Development strategies of Latin American and Caribbean countries and the green economy approach

This publication explores the commonalities between the existing and proposed paradigms and approaches to development that ensures well-being and respect for nature. It also analyses and the concept of green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.

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30
Oct
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Work, family and public policy changes in Latin America: Equity, maternalism and co-responsibility

Taking account of the substantial increase in female labour market participation that has occurred throughout the Latin American region, this article describes policies adopted with the aim of reconciling work and family responsibilities between 2003 and 2013, and the implications of their design for socioeconomic and gender equity.

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2
Oct
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Brechas de ingresos laborales en el Perú urbano: una exploración de la economía informal

Esta investigación busca establecer si las diferencias de ingresos entre los trabajadores con empleo formal e informal pueden ser explicadas por los atributos productivos de la mano de obra o si, por el contrario, son resultado de una segmentación del mercado laboral.

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21
Sep
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Monitoring the Climate Change Impacts of Urban Agriculture in Rosario, Argentina

This paper, Monitoring the Climate Change Impacts of Urban Agriculture in Rosario, Argentina, examines the city’s urban agriculture programme, the contribution of green areas to reducing the Urban Heat Island, the transportation and conservation of food and the effects of UPA on run-off and infiltration of storm water.

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9
Sep
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Drogas, policías y delincuencia: Otras miradas a la seguridad ciudadana en América Latina

Esta compilación de 10 artículos brinda otra mirada a la seguridad ciudadana en América Latina. Ofrece una revisión a las políticas de seguridad y su eficacia para reducir el delito y la violencia, así como un análisis al problema de las drogas, sus causas y efectos económicos, sociales y políticos.

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31
Aug
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Argentina: Impacts of the child allowance programme on the labour-market behaviour of adults

In 2009 Argentina implemented a major cash transfer programme for children and adolescents called Universal Child Allowance for Social Protection, which extended the coverage of the contributory family allowance programme to new segments of the population. This research assesses its impact on adult labour participation.

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16
Aug
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Progress despite adversity: women's empowerment and conflict in Colombia

The Colombian case is an example of progress in women’s empowerment in the face of formidable and continuing challenges. Progress is identified in relation to: legal gains for women’s rights and gender equality; women’s presence and representation in public and elected positions; the advancement of a gender-responsive approach to addressing the legacies of conflict and associated mechanisms of memorialisation, reparations, restitution and transitional justice.

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4
Aug
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

A Tale of Two Species : Revisiting the Effect of Registration Reform on Informal Business Owners in Mexico

Different views have been put forward to explain why most firms in developing countries operate informally. One argues that informal-business owners are people trying to make a living while searching for a wage job. Another argues that they do not register their firms because of complex regulation processes. This paper contributes to recent literature that argues that both factors are at work.

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13
May
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Taxes and Transition: Formalising Small-Scale Farmers in Peru?

This Briefing Paper from IIED looks at the Peruvian government's attempts to formalise small-scale farmers, offering lessons applicable in Peru and beyond.

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22
Apr
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Rethinking Democratic Governance: State Building, Autonomy, and Accountability in Correa’s Ecuador

In this paper Dr. James David Bowen argues that stable democracy must rest on three pillars: capable state institutions, the autonomy of these institutions from powerful actors both within and outside the state, and the existence of meaningful institutions of accountability.

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17
Mar
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Local Perspectives on Climate Change: Participatory Video in Somotillo, Nicaragua

This Working Paper from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) describes a case study piloting the use of Participatory Video (PV) methodologies to build capacities and empower young women and men in rural communities.

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6
Mar
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Achievement Gap between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Children in Peru: An Analysis of Young Lives Survey Data

In Peru, indigenous children obtain lower scores on academic tests, on average, than non-indigenous children. In this study, the authors investigate whether a test score achievement gap is found by the age of 5 and whether this gap increases by the age of 8.

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24
Feb
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Open Cities: The Case of Montevideo

The city of Montevideo was the first city in Latin America to set up an Open Data policy. This work analyses the emergence an evolution of Montevideo's open data policy as well as the early uses of data by civil society, private entrepreneurs and the state itself.

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18
Feb
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Minimum Wage and Informality in Ecuador

This paper studies the relationship between minimum wage and employment in Ecuador. In particular it investigates whether or not, and if so, to what extent changes in the minimum wage influence changes on the formality and informality rates, and the level of wages.

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16
Feb
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Human Rights and Resource Conflicts in the Amazon

This report from Rainforest Foundation Norway investigates an alarming increase in human rights violations in the Amazon region. Human rights defenders, environmental activists and indigenous peoples are facing attacks and are being put under systematic pressure; and rights to land and to consultation are regularly encroached.

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12
Feb
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Microfinance Trends in Latin America and the Caribbean 2008-2013

This report from the Microfinance Information Exchange (MIX) and the Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF) offers a complete overview of the evolution of the microfinance industry in the LAC region between 2008 and 2013.

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9
Feb
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Impact of Bolsa Família on Schooling

The authors of this paper estimate the impact of Brazil’s Bolsa Família, one of the largest conditional cash transfer programs in the world, on a range of education outcomes, including school participation, grade progression, grade repetition, and dropout rates.

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6
Feb
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

A Land Title is not Enough: Ensuring Sustainable Land Restitution in Colombia

This report from Amnesty International provides a summary of the national and international legal human rights framework that should be underpinning the efforts of the Colombian state to return illegally acquired land to its rightful occupants and examines in detail the many obstacles that land claimants are still facing in their struggle to return home in a sustainable manner.

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3
Feb
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Next Global Breadbasket: How Latin America Can Feed the World: A Call to Action for Addressing Challenges & Developing Solutions

Drawing on the knowledge and experience of over 30 partners, including the private sector, academia, multilaterals, and NGOs, this policy paper offers a compelling multi-stakeholder set of issues, recommendations and action items for governments and policy makers, the donor community, farmers, agribusiness, and civil society aimed at supporting global food security.

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26
Jan
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

City of Buenos Aires Open Government Data Initiative

This document aims to provide an overview of the Open Government Data initiative in the City of Buenos Aires. This research is part of a broader initiative on Open Government Data policies in local governments in 3 important cities in the Southern Cone of Latin America: Buenos Aires, Montevideo and Sao Paulo.

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22
Jan
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Encouraging Parents' Engagement in Public Education Reform

Against the backdrop of striking teachers shutting down transportation and blocking airports, Mexican legislators are being hailed for approving a set of powerful laws on national education reform.

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19
Jan
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Making Women’s Work Visible: Finance for Rural Women

Women’s World Banking argues that serving rural women in Latin America is important for rural families and viable for financial institutions, but that it will take much more than replicating a loan or savings product that has been successful in an urban setting.

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16
Jan
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Does Participatory Budgeting have an Effect on the Quality of Public Services? The Case of Peru’s Water and Sanitation Sector

Using econometric techniques, complemented by qualitative analysis, the authors of this Working Paper conclude that particpatory budgeting does not achieve an improvement in water and sanitation coverage and service quality in Peru.

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14
Jan
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Lessons Learned from Community Forestry in Latin America and their Relevance for REDD+

This review analyses experiences and key lessons learned over 30 years following the introduction of legal and policy reforms supporting community rights over forests as well as community involvement in the management of forests.

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8
Jan
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Unblocking Bottlenecks to Effective Resource Revenue Management in Peru

Peru’s canon minero program requires distribution of substantial EI tax revenues to regional and local governments, yet social gains are inconsistent across the country.

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6
Jan
2015
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Violations of Indigenous Peoples' Territorial Rights: The Example of Costa Rica

This study explores the issues of widespread illegal occupation of indigenous lands on a national scale. Approximately 6000 non-indigenous persons are occupying at least 43% of the areas belonging exclusively to indigenous peoples.

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19
Dec
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Green Economy in Amapá State, Brazil: Progress and Perspectives

This report from the International Institute for Environment and Development discusses the opportunities presented by the Amapá State government’s intention to make the transition to a green economy.

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17
Dec
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

A New Era in the Fight Against Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon: Opportunities to Improve Policy Effectiveness

This policy brief from the Stockholm Environment Institute looks at why deforestation reduction in Brazil has stalled in recent years and suggests new strategies for decision-makers’ consideration.

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15
Dec
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Land Governance in Brazil: A Geo-historical Review

This paper from the International Land Coalition examines the paradoxes of land governance in Brazil by putting them into their historical context, highlighting in particular the continuing subordination of peasant farmers’ interests to those of large landholders.

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12
Dec
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Measuring Open Data’s Impact of Brazilian National and Sub-national Budget Transparency Websites and its Impacts on People’s Rights

This exploratory research from the Brazilian Institute for Socioeconomic Studies is designed to contribute to increasing knowledge about open data in Brazil. The research is divided into two stages, namely, a quantitative and a qualitative stage.

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11
Dec
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Measuring Compliance with the Inter-American Court of Human Rights: The Ongoing Challenge of Judicial Independence in Latin America

In this paper, published in the Nordic Journal of Human Rights, Dr. Cecilia Bailliet examines the implementation of resolutions of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights relating to the accountability of the military for human rights violations in Latin America.

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4
Dec
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Policy Options for Agricultural Investments and Governance of Markets: In Support of Small-scale Farmers in Guatemala

This report from Oxfam argues that public policy in Guatemala gives preferential support to large-scale farming investments through tax breaks. The limited support given to small-scale producers in public policy is restricted to issues such as land, credit and the supply of inputs at subsidised prices; it rarely covers productive infrastructure.

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3
Dec
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Climatescope 2013: New Frontiers for Low-Carbon Energy Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean

Climatescope is a comprehensive index and report assessing the environment for low-carbon investment in Latin America and the Caribbean, developed by the Multilateral Investment Fund, part of the Inter-American Development Bank, and Bloomberg New Energy Finance.

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29
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Rio de Janeiro: Favela Policies and Recent Social Mobilizations

This Working Paper from the Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research addresses public policies and social mobilizations in informal settlements (favelas) of Rio de Janeiro.

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28
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Americas: Transforming Pain into Hope: Human Rights Defenders in the Americas

This report from Amnesty International highlights both the enormous progress that human rights defenders in the Americas region have helped bring about, and the dangers that they continue to face.

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27
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Winds of Change: The Progress of Open Government Policymaking in Latin America and the Caribbean

This paper from the IDB includes a detailed analysis of the progress of open government strategies within Latin America and the Caribbean, based on an in-depth review of the action plans of 14 of the 15 current Open Government Partnership (OGP) members in the region.

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23
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

What is Legal? Formalising Artisanal and Small-scale Mining in Colombia

This paper from IIED analyses the barriers to formalisation for artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in Colombia and offers approaches to overcome them.

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20
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Peru’s Deadly Environment: The Rise in Killings of Environmental and Land Defenders

This report from Global Witness highlights the Ashéninka’s struggle to gain legal recognition of their rights to their ancestral land, and their failed attempts to solicit support and protection from Peru’s authorities.

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19
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Impact of Oportunidades on Human Capital and Income Distribution

In an effort to inform social policy in Mexico, this Discussion Paper from the International Food Policy Research Institute analyses the effects of a major social program on school attendance and household income distribution, accounting for its partial and general equilibrium effects.

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14
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Violating Rights and Threatening Lives: The Camisea Gas Project and Indigenous Peoples in Voluntary Isolation

This report highlights the existing impacts of the Camisea gas project in the south-east Peruvian Amazon on indigenous peoples living in ‘voluntary isolation’ (‘isolated peoples’) in the Kugapakori-Nahua-Nanti and Others’ Reserve.

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12
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Knowledge Materials on The Green Economy now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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11
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Effective Public Policies and Active Citizenship: Brazil’s Experience of Building a Food and Nutrition Security System

This Oxfam paper concludes that the progress made by Brazil in the fight against hunger and poverty resulted from the combination of the interests of government and civil society through a process of collective, participatory and democrtic construction.

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7
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Local Preferences for REDD+ Payment Formats in Brazil, The Bolsa Floresta Programme, RDS Rio Negro

This study by IIED explores the challenges of determining people’s preferences in the context of the Bolsa Floresta Programme (BFP) in Brazil, which is one of the largest REDD+ pilot projects in the world.

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5
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Knowledge Materials on Brazil's Ethanol Programme now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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4
Nov
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Financing Agricultural Value Chains in Latin America: Barriers and Opportunities in Mexico, Peru and Honduras

This report highlights Agricultural Value Chains Financing products and structures that various lead firms, agro-processors, banks, and non-bank financial institutions have designed and implemented to provide financing to producers either directly or through producer organizations, cooperatives, etc.

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30
Oct
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Emerging Impacts in Open Data in the Judiciary Branches in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay

This study from CIPPEC compares the availability, accessibility, sustainability, re-usability and relevance of a number of different kinds of judiciary data in three Latin American countries, including budget allocations, performance statistics, court rulings, selection and removal of magistrates, and hiring and personnel details.

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28
Oct
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Smallholders at Risk: Monoculture Expansion, Land, Food and Livelihoods in Latin America

Greater investment in agriculture is needed to reduce rural poverty and improve food security; but how investment is made, its context and conditions, is at least as important as how much is invested, the authors of this Oxfam Briefing Paper argue.

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23
Oct
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA City-level Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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20
Oct
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Whose Public Spaces? Citizen Participation in Urban Planning in Santiago, Chile

This article in Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) 66 describes the process of community engagement in two urban redevelopment projects located in an eastern commune of Santiago, Chile.

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13
Oct
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Contestations over Indigenous Participation in Bolivia’s Extractive Industry: Ideology, Practices, and Legal Norms

This Working Paper from the German Institute of Global and Area Studies looks at the Guaraníes' participation in Bolivia's gas sector and explains the reasons for the conflicts that have arisen.

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25
Sep
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Promoting Human Rights Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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19
Sep
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Is Disaster Risk Reduction Spending Driven by the Occurrence of Natural Disasters? Evidence from Peru

The authors of this Working Paper examine the allocation of total disaster risk reduction public spending among regions in Peru in order to identify the main determinants of the distribution of these resources.

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5
Sep
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Climate Change in Central and South America: Recent Trends, Future Projections, and Impacts on Regional Agriculture

This new and extensive study from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) models future climate projections up to year 2100 and takes a close look at how Central and South America's most commonly grown crops will be affected by rising temperatures and unpredictable rainfall.

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28
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Gender Equity Policies Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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23
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Employment Situation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Conditional Transfer Programmes and the Labour Market

This issue of 'Employment Situation in Latin America and the Caribbean' by ECLAC and ILO looks at Latin American conditional cash transfers in the context of the labour market.

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15
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Adaptation in Mountain Environments Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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13
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Global Boom, Local Impacts: Mining Revenues and Subnational Outcomes in Peru 2007-2011

The authors of this Working Paper from the Inter-American Development Bank use evidence from Peru to look at how abundance of natural resources affect socio-economic performance

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12
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Budget and Public Policies Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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11
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The "State-of-the-Art" of State-Owned Enterprises in Brazil

Forming part of a wider study on the Hidden Corners of Public Finance, this case study examines what information on state-owned enterprises in Brazil is publicly available, and what oversight mechanisms are in place, to assess the transparency and accountability of public spending in this area.

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5
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Adaptation to Climate Change in Megacities of Latin America

This publication from the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean aims to document current urban climate change adaptation practice in Latin America by summarising the three workshops of the ClimateAdaptationSantiago project (CAS).

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4
Aug
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Microfinance Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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30
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Land Accumulation Dynamics in Developing Country Agriculture

The authors of this Working Paper from the Inter-American Development Bank examine the case of Paraguay to test hypotheses on the effects of land inequality in developing countries.

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29
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Public Policy Reforms and Indigenous Forest Governance: The Case of the Yuracaré People in Bolivia

This case study, published in the journal Conservation and Society, examines the impact of forest reforms in Bolivia on the indigenous Yuracaré people.

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25
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Social Assistance and Labor Market Programs in Latin America: Methodology and Key Findings from the Social Protection Database

This Discussion Paper from the World Bank analyses the data collected for the LAC Social Protection Database and presents key findings in the area of social assistance and labour market programmes.

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23
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Women in the Digital Economy: Breaking Through the Equality Threshold

Prepared by ECLAC for the twelfth session of the Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean, this document systematizes and describes various dimensions that shape the way the region’s women participate in the labour market, and how they access and use the different elements of the digital economy.

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18
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Social Technology Network: A Hybrid Experiment in Grassroots Innovation

This Working Paper from the Steps Centre tells the story of the Social Technology Network (STN), sharing lessons from this hybrid experiment to promote grassroots innovation in Brazil, which began in July 2004.

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17
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Mega-Cities & Infrastructure in Latin America: What its People Think

In late 2013, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) conducted a multisectoral public opinion survey in five Latin American cities to better understand the way citizens perceive the quality of life, the needs of urban infrastructure and the standards of public services.

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15
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Health, Citizenship, and Human Rights Advocacy Initiative: Improving Access to Health Services in Mexico

In early 2009 Fundar, Centro de Análisis e Investigación initiated an advocacy project called Health, Citizenship, and Human Rights (Salud, Ciudadanía y Derechos Humanos, SCyDH), which aimed to improve access to and availability of health services for socially excluded groups in Mexico.

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9
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Employment Situation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Challenges and Innovations in Labour Training

This issue of 'Employment Situation in Latin America and the Caribbean' by ECLAC and ILO looks at the transformations taking place in national vocational training and education systems in Latin America and the Caribbean.

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8
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Disaster Risk Management in Cities Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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3
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Rethinking the Consultation-Conflict Link: Lessons from Bolivia’s Gas Sector

This Working Paper from the German Institute of Global and Area Studies sheds light on 26 consultations in Bolivia’s gas sector (2007–2012) and challenges simplified conceptions of prior consultation as a tool for conflict prevention and resolution.

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1
Jul
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Can States Continue to Govern the New Citizenry Using Old Paradigms?: The Political Challenges of Open Government in Latin America and the Caribbean

This discussion paper from the Inter-American Development Bank analyses the political challenges that the Open Government model poses, while also evaluating the incentives, obstacles and opportunities that the Open Government agenda in Latin America and the Caribbean will have to tackle if it is to be feasible and successful.

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30
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Indigenous Peoples' Rights and Climate Policies in Guyana: A Special Report

More than four years after the signing of the Guyana-Norway MoU, this special report seeks to assess the quality of treatment of indigenous peoples’ rights in Guyana’s national policies on land, low carbon development and forests.

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27
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Urban Environmental Governance Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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26
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Gender Equality Observatory of Latin America and the Caribbean. Annual Report 2012: A Look at Grants Support and Burden for Women

This third report of the Gender Equality Observatory for Latin America and the Caribbean, published in 2013, focuses on indicators of physical, economic and decision-making autonomy. It also discusses conditional cash transfer (CCT) programmes and their role as a component of social protection systems that can serve as a means of including women as rights holders.

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23
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Strengthening the Capacities of Parliaments in the Budget Process

This policy brief from the Inter-American Development Bank looks at how parliamentary budget offices (PBOs) can enable parliaments in Latin American and Caribbean countries to more effectively influence budgetary matters and fiscal policy.

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20
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Human Rights Study Tour to Mexico

In May and June of 2013, 11 human rights practitioners from Asia and Africa came on a Study Tour to Mexico to learn about different human rights experiences. This tour was organised by Fundar, a Mexican civil society organisation working on human rights and the advancement of substantive democracy.

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19
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Transparency of Tax Expenditure Reporting in Mexico

Forming part of a wider study on the Hidden Corners of Public Finance, this case study from the International Budget Partnership looks at the state of tax expenditures in Mexico.

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16
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Sexual Violence and Justice in Postconflict Peru

This report informs the international community on the continuum of sexual violence in Peru, current legal practices in domestic courts, and the barriers that victim-survivors face in seeking justice.

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10
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Social Efficiency in Peruvian Microfinance Institutions: A Semi-parametric Approach

This study by Giovanna Aguilar and Jhonatan Claussen of the Economics Department of the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP) aims to assess the social efficiency of microfinance institutions (MFIs) — regulated and non-regulated — in Peru.

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4
Jun
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Extractive Industries and Conflict Management Knowledge Materials now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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3
May
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

FIELD Brief 18: Increasing Impact with Savings-linked Conditional Cash Transfers - Experiences from Latin America

This "FIELD Brief" is part of a series produced by the Financial Integration, Economic Leveraging and Broad-Based Dissemination (FIELD)-Support LWA Program. This brief was written by Stephanie Grell Azar from World Council of Credit Unions.

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28
Apr
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Guide and Briefs on Climate Change Adaptation in Semi-arid Regions now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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14
Apr
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Guide and Briefs on Extractive Industry Investment Policies now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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8
Apr
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Growing Greener Cities in Latin America and the Caribbean

This new FAO report – in English and Spanish – looks at the progress that has been made toward realising 'greener cities' in which urban and peri-urban agriculture is recognised by public policy and included in urban development strategies and land-use planning. It is based on the results of a survey in 23 countries and data on 110 cities and municipalities.

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30
Mar
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Introducing the Cities Footprint Project

The City Footprints project focuses on assessing the carbon and water footprints of each municipal government and of each participating city, and on promoting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions and water management measures that contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation respectively.

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26
Mar
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Call for Consultancy on State of the Art and Case Studies in Urban Flooding (24-3-2014)

Practical Action requests applications from flooding and disaster risk management experts in Latin America. The proposed study focuses on flooding in urban areas of river basins in the region.

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26
Mar
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Guide and Briefs on Extractive Industries and Land Use now available in Spanish

We are pleased to announce that the Guide and Briefs on this theme have been translated into Spanish and are now available on the website.

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21
Mar
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Learning from 20 Years of Payments for Ecosystem Services in Costa Rica

In 1996, the tiny country of Costa Rica took bold steps to initiate one of the first nationalised ‘payments for ecosystem services’ (PES) programmes. The programme has grown tremendously, as the first chapter of this paper will show. It has been the envy of many – as well as the target of often undue criticism, as is frequently the case for pioneers.

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19
Mar
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Improving Social Well-Being Through New Democratic Institutions

Using data from Brazil’s largest cities over the last 20 years, Michael Touchton and Brian Wampler evaluate the role of a new type of democratic institution, participatory budgeting (PB), for improving citizens’ well-being.

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4
Mar
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Conditions for Success in Implementing CCT Programs: Lessons for Asia from Latin America and the Caribbean

This Policy Brief from the Inter-American Development Bank analyses the experience of six Latin American countries and attempts to identify important lessons for countries that have recently started or that are currently considering the introduction of a CCT.

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17
Jan
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Ethnic Identity, Informal Institutions, and the Failure to Elect Women in Indigenous Southern Mexico

This article argues that the low levels of descriptive representation of women in local political office in Mexico and Latin America is much more than a problem of the purported patriarchal cultures of indigenous and rural communities.

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10
Jan
2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

21st Century Welfare

Latin America as a laboratory for conditional cash transfers, fast becoming the hegemonic social-protection paradigm for the Global South. In a comparative survey, Lena Lavinas reveals the CCT model as a strategy for the financialization—not abolition—of poverty.

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13
Dec
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Conflict and Coexistence in the Extractive Industries

This new study published by Chatham House aims to provide both host-country and company stakeholders in the extractives sector with a clearer understanding of the characteristics of the relationship between companies and host governments, and the factors that cause and influence disputes between them. Although not specifically about Latin America, it contains many references to extractive industry experiences from the region.

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5
Dec
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Indigenous Peoples’ Rights to Lands, Territories, and Resources

This new study from the International Land Coalition assesses the international instruments, mechanisms, UN bodies, and other regional and global initiatives that address concerns relating to indigenous lands, territories, and resources. In addition, it carries out an extensive regional review, showing how the situation of indigenous peoples varies across regions and countries.

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7
Oct
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

5 Years in Juntos: New Evidence on the Program's Short and Long-Term Impacts

This study presents results from a quantitative impact evaluation of the Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) programme, Juntos, in Peru. Using instrumental variable techniques, it estimates the overall impact of Juntos five years after its initial rollout and explores the differential impacts among beneficiaries according to the length of time they spent in the programme.

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22
Aug
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Urban Climate Disaster Risk Reduction: ELLA Study Tour in Brazil

Managing and reducing urban climate disaster risk is an increasing concern to city authorities and urban dwellers alike. A study tour involving experts from Africa and Asia showed that much can be learned from the coordinated efforts of actors in Rio de Janeiro.

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17
Jul
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

‘Pink transportation’ in Mexico City: Reclaiming Urban Space Through Collective Action Against Gender-based Violence

Women-only transportation has become a popular option for urban women around the world who are tired of being groped and harassed in buses, subways and taxis. This article shows how women’s organisations in Mexico City use women-only transportation to create a safe place for female commuters.

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18
Jun
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Civil Society and Participation in Brazil: A Literature Review

This literature review by J. Ricardo Tranjan at the Centre for Public Policy Research at the University of São Paulo examines studies of participatory budgeting, presents research on policy councils and offers an analysis of studies that treat citizen participation as a constitutive part of the representative system.

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12
Jun
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Voices and Flavours of the Earth: Food Sovereignty in the Andes

This multimedia publication from IIED uses video, audio, images and text to describe how indigenous communities are drawing on their knowledge and cosmovisions to rethink the priorities and governance of food and agricultural research in the Andean Altiplano of Bolivia and Peru.

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4
Jun
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Age of Microfinance: Destroying Latin American Economies from the Bottom Up

This article argues that the microfinance model that arrived in Latin America in the 1970s has proven, as elsewhere around the world, to be an almost wholly destructive economic and social policy intervention.

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16
May
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Mexico: A Moment of Opportunity - Increasing Transparency and Accountability in the Extractive Industries

Mexico’s oil and mining sectors are highly significant sources of economic development for the country with profound impact on the daily lives of the nation’s people. It is therefore crucial to have timely, comprehensive information that allows citizens to hold the government and companies accountable.

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7
May
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Impact of Conditional Cash Transfers on Maternal and Newborn Health

Conditional cash transfers (CCTs) have been shown to increase health service utilization among the poorest, but little is written on the effects of such programs on maternal and newborn health. The authors of this CGD Policy Paper carry out a systematic review of studies on CCTs that report maternal and newborn health outcomes, including studies from six Latin American countries.

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30
Apr
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Promise of Transformation Through Participation: An Analysis of Communal Councils in Caracas, Venezuela

Communal Councils (CCs) in Venezuela are deemed as part of a greater project of social transformation under a radical approach to participatory democracy.

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26
Apr
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Linkages Between Population Dynamics, Urbanization Processes and Disaster Risks: A Regional Vision of Latin America

This report from UNISDR responds to growing concerns about the higher incidences and impacts of disasters on the population and economy in urban areas of the region. Governments in Latin America and the international community have increased efforts to create forward-looking, corrective and prospective risk management strategies.

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24
Apr
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Why is Prior Consultation Not Yet an Effective Tool for Conflict Resolution? The Case of Peru

This Working Paper from the German Institute of Global and Area Studies argues that new legislation in Peru will not help to turn prior consultations into a tool for conflict resolution as long as the normative framework itself is contested and the necessary basic conditions are not in place.

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19
Apr
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Women's Land: Reflections on Rural Women’s Access to Land in Latin America

Strengthening women’s access to land and control over its use is not just a matter of agricultural development and food security, but a question of human rights and justice for women.

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16
Apr
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Building Resilience to Climate Change Through Indigenous Knowledge – The Case of Bolivia

Indigenous knowledge plays an important role in the way communities interact with their climate in many countries, particularly in Bolivia. It contributes to weather forecasting at the community level, and to the preservation of vital ecosystem functions that help to buffer communities against climate change impacts.

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11
Apr
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Climate Change and Water Resources in the Tropical Andes

This IDB paper discusses the current tensions and conflicts surrounding water use in the tropical Andes from a social and economic perspective. It also focuses on the challenges ahead and possible solutions for more-sustainable and equitable future water use in the region.

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27
Mar
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

ELLA Citizen Oversight Study Tour to Mexico

South-South knowledge exchange is a powerful tool for sharing lessons about successful policy and practice, as this video of the citizen oversight study tour to Mexico demonstrates.

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21
Mar
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Implementing Right to Information: A Case Study of Mexico

In June 2002, President Vicente Fox (2000-06) signed a landmark transparency bill into law. The adoption of the Access to Public Information and Transparency Law (Transparency Law) was a distinctive moment in Mexican politics.

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13
Feb
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Outlook for Agriculture and Rural Development in the Americas 2013: A Perspective on Latin America and the Caribbean

This report, a joint effort by FAO, ECLAC and IICA, provides information and analysis, both of the current situation and context of the agri-food sector and the outlook for 2013.

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8
Feb
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Brazil: No Easy Miracle - Increasing Transparency and Accountability in the Extractive Industries

The future of many resource-rich countries no longer rests mainly on foreign aid but on the extent and effective use of the country’s own resources and how they use them. For that to occur, a focused and concrete approach to improve governance and accountability is critical.

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2
Jan
2013
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Open Government and Targeted Transparency: Trends and Challenges for Latin America and the Caribbean

Led by IDB's Institutional Capacity of the State Division (IFD/ICS), this publication presents a conceptual framework and collects different experiences and lessons learned in the design and implementation of targeted transparency and open government policies in LAC.

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23
Nov
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

A New Role for Citizens in Public Procurement

This first publication of Transparencia Mexicana's 'Citizens & Markets' series aims to approach the evolving relationships among actors by analyzing trends around the globe of citizen’s participation in public procurement processes, a place where governments and companies usually were alone, and where citizens now are thriving to meet and interact.

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17
Oct
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

From Impact Evaluations to Paradigm Shift. A Case Study of the Buenos Aires Ciudadanía Porteña Conditional Cash Transfer Programme

This case study looks at how the evaluations of Ciudadanía Porteña: Con Todo Derecho, a cash transfer programme in Buenos Aires, were used to influence policy. Gabriela Agosto et al, show that the three evaluations of this programme were important for strategically sharpening social policy and improving implementation.

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9
Oct
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Slum Upgrading: Lessons Learned in Brazil

Over the past decade, Brazil has made important progress in legitimizing illegal settlements in big cities. However, according this new study by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Cities Alliance, the Ministry of Cities, and the Caixa Econômica Federal (CEF), the technical capabilities of Brazilian municipal governments need to be strengthened if improvements are to be integrated into housing and urban policies that can be implemented in the city as a whole.

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3
Oct
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Validating One of the World’s Largest Conditional Cash Transfer Programmes

In this case study, Gala Díaz Langou and Paula Forteza look at how the dissemination of evaluation findings led to improvements in the design of Brazil's Bolsa Familia, as well as a major shift in the government’s commitment to increase funding and expand coverage of the programme.

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21
Sep
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Direct Distribution of Oil Revenues in Venezuela: A Viable Alternative?

This paper by Pedro Rodriguez, Jose Morales and Francisco Monaldi examines the possibility of adopting an Oil-to-Cash scheme in Venezuela, today the country with the largest oil reserves/head in the world.

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17
Sep
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

"Participatory Governance?" Gender and Participation in Peru’s Local Institutions

Are participatory budgets truly "participatory"? If not, what does this mean for participatory governance projects meant to engage those citizens that have been left behind by corrupt or inefficient representative political institutions? This paper begins to analyse these issues by exploring gender and participatory budgeting in Peru.

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3
Sep
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Taxes, Transfers, and Income Redistribution in Latin America

How much reduction in inequality and poverty does Latin America accomplish through taxes and transfers? How progressive are revenue-collection and social-spending patterns? This new 'Inequality in Focus' Brief from the World Bank's Poverty Reduction and Equity Department explores these questions.

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23
Aug
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Mighty Few vs. the Silent Majority - Barriers to Resource Extraction for Poverty Reduction in Peru

Peru is rich in natural resources and the former president García believed extraction would lead to development. However, he had only limited success in spite a strong presidential system. This paper analysis social and judicial forces that limited the level of resources extraction.

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16
Aug
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Children's Experiences of Juntos, a Conditional Cash Transfer Scheme in Peru

Even though it is widely recognised that children are the age group most affected by poverty, children’s own experiences of living in social and economic hardship are still not well incorporated into most poverty reduction strategies and programmes. The purpose of this study is to find out how children and families in three rural communities in the southern Peruvian Andes experience well-being and poverty, in order to understand what may help them to lead the kinds of lives they value instead of following others’ pre-established ideas of what is best for them.

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16
Jul
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Parliamentary Power to the People: Analysing Online and Offline Strategies in Latin America

With their ability to shape a nation’s economic, social, and political future, national parliaments wield an incredible amount of power and influence over the citizens they represent. Yet in Latin America, public trust in the deliberative branch of government is alarmingly low.

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5
Jul
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

The Extractive Industries Source Book: Oil, Gas and Mining Online Portal

Directed principally at policy makers in resource–rich developing countries, the Extractive Industries (EI) Source Book is intended as a guide to good-fit practice in the management of upstream oil, gas and mining sectors, across the entire EI value chain, from award of contracts to the expenditure of resource revenues.

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2
Jul
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Innovative Features in Conditional Cash Transfers: An Impact Evaluation of Chile Solidario on Households and Children

Chile Solidario is an avant garde CCT in the Latin American context, introducing innovative features which are aimed at specifically addressing the multidimensional nature of poverty, considered not only as a consequence of the lack of income, but also as a result of low levels of human and social capital, and the vulnerability of a household to shocks.

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18
Jun
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

NO MAN’S LANDS? Extractive Activity, Territory, and Social Unrest in the Peruvian Amazon: The Cenepa River

This case study shows how the activities of a large foreign-invested mining company on land held by the Awajun community in the northern forests of Peru have led to a characteristic cycle of state permissiveness in granting mining concessions, thus leading to social conflict.

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5
Jun
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Sustainable Cities: Local Solutions in the Global South

As the combined problems of urbanization, environmental degradation, and poverty become increasingly urgent, understanding the links between sustainability and poverty reduction is imperative. A sustainable urban future for all requires raising the quality of life of the most vulnerable.

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30
May
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

A Practical Guide to Social Audit as a Participatory Tool to Strengthen Democratic Governance, Transparency and Accountability

This Practical Guide analyzes social auditing experiences around the world and extracts important lessons that intend to provide practical guidance to United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and other United Nations agencies officers, advisers, and partners, as well as development practitioners, donors and governments. It examines the required elements for the design and implementation of social audits, explains the enabling environment that make these exercises successful, and offers practical insights based on practices and experiences.

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23
May
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Social Cash Transfers and Financial Inclusion: Evidence from Four Countries

In a number of countries, two separate, but potentially complementary policy agendas have emerged in the past five years: governments have sought to increase the use of electronic means form government payments and to promote greater financial inclusion. While the two agendas have by no means converged yet, in practice they have often been translated into a single headline objective: to increase the proportion of recipients of government social cash transfers who receive payment directly into a bank account.

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18
May
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Promoting Climate Change Adaptation Policies – a Pilot Approach from Semi-arid Northeast Brazil

CDKN's Action Lab Innovation Fund is supporting the project "Promoting climate change adaptation policies through the integration of multi-stakeholder dialogues and research-led initiatives – a pilot approach from the semi-arid region of northeast Brazil."

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10
May
2012
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

Effectiveness of International Anticorruption Conventions on Domestic Policy Changes in Latin America

This study evaluates the effectiveness of Transparency International Latin America and Caribbean Department (TI-LAC) Conventions Program’s strategy. This strategy tries to generate a dynamic stimulus for the effective implementation of the Inter-American Convention against Corruption and the United Nations’ Convention against Corruption in the Americas.

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