23, March, 2016

(English) What works in reducing community violence

(English) This systematic meta-review analyses a wide array of evidence on programmatic interventions on reducing community violence in Central America.

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This paper found that a few interventions, such as focused deterrence and cognitive behavioral therapy, exhibited moderate to strong effects on crime and violence and were supported by substantial evidence. It also identifies six “elements of effectiveness” shared by the most impactful interventions, including maintaining a specific focus on those most at risk for violence; proactive efforts to prevent violence before it occurs whenever possible; increasing the perceived and actual legitimacy of strategies and institutions; careful attention to program implementation and fidelity; a well-defined and understood theory of change; and active engagement and partnership with critical stakeholders.
  • Author(s): Abt, T. & Winship, C.
  • Original Publication Date:
  • Publisher: USAID
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