2, April, 2017

Women’s Political Representation as Key to Implementing Domestic Violence Laws: An Analysis of Ghana and Mexico

This paper argues that differing levels of gender institutionalisation Mexico and Ghana explain divergent outcomes in the implementation of domestic violence legislation in each country.

Ghana and Mexico, like many other countries since 1990, have passed domestic violence legislation in response to calls from both domestic and international actors. But, after passing these laws, they have taken quite divergent paths during implementation.

This paper argues that differing levels of gender institutionalisation in the two countries explain these divergent outcomes. Gender institutionalisation is explained as the ability of female politicians to fully operationalise women’s human rights. Countries that have high levels of gender institutionalisation go beyond passing bills to ensure implementation, and the argument is made that Mexico has higher levels of gender institutionalisation than Ghana.


Cecile Lachenal
Cecilia Toledo
Akosua K. Darkwah
Mansah Prah

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