30, May, 2017

An exploration of Community Based Crime Prevention (CBCP) initiatives

The Online Learning Alliance (LEA) on Community Based Crime Prevention focused onthe potential for community based approaches to crime prevention, how they are being implemented, under what conditions they are likely to be more effective and what this means for supporting CBCP approaches.

The Learning Alliance promoted analysis and discussion of how crime prevention in Latin America and Africa has performed and evolved over time, and of the public policy implications of high levels of crime and insecurity in both regions, focusing on the contribution of Community-based Crime Prevention (CBCP) approaches.

Contrasting case studies from Latin America and Africa were presented, analysed and reviewed by participants, who were also invited to present CBCP experiences and examples from their own countries. The goal was to identify CBCP strategies for crime and violence prevention that are effective in reducing crime and the perception of insecurity.

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Key Conclusions:

  • CBCP strategies are prevalent in Africa and Latin America, however, with differences that relate to the presence of the state in their territories and the way actors involved intervene for the common goal of providing security. In Africa, state presence is weak compared to strong state presence in Latin America. Also, whereas communities in Africa are active drivers of crime prevention initiatives, communities in Latin America are passive actors.
  • Both Africa and Latin America share conditions that produce criminal and violent behaviour. Among others, we can find social and economic exclusion, unemployment, lack of educational opportunities and idle youth.

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