30, May, 2017

Enhancing sustainability of pastoral productive systems

A review of best practices in land tenure policy for pastoralist societies in Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa.

Participants of the Online Learning Alliance on Land Tenure in Pastoralist Societies came from 30 different countries across 4 continents. Participants learned and shared experiences on current practices in land tenure policy for pastoralist societies in Latin America and sub- Saharan Africa, identified, discussed and compared the dynamics of transformation of land tenure regimes in pastoralist societies, the key drivers of these changes, and their implication for public policy and the sustainability of pastoralist productive systems. Comparative analysis between the two regions, facilitated by the moderators, supported this inter-regional lesson learning.

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Key Conclusions:

  • Pastoralist communities in Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa face similar challenges regarding the sustainability of their production systems despite living in different geographic and ecological regions.
  • However, both regions are characterised by harsh weather such as low rainfall and extreme temperatures, either very cold or very hot. As such, pastoralism is well-adapted to these ecological environments.
  • Public policy in both regions has not promoted the sustainability of pastoral systems. This has being aggravated by misconceptions about pastoralism as a productive system.
  • Collective land tenure regimes are key for sustaining pastoral production systems in both regions. However, there has been rising individualisation of land tenure in pastoralist societies. This should be reversed.
  • Other complementary interventions halting degradation of land and promoting investment in improving productivity, such as breeding, are necessary to facilitate transformation of pastoral communities.

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