Introducing the Cities Footprint Project
The year 2012 marked a milestone in human history: for the first time, more than half of the global population lived in urban areas. Latin America is the region of the world with the highest rate of urbanization, passing from having 41% of its population living in cities in 1950 to 81% in 2010 and is expected to exceed 90 percent by 2050.
Cities produce about 70% of the global emissions of GHG (greenhouse) and generate about 70% of global GDP, despite occupying only 2% of the territory. This situation creates enormous pressure on natural resources and ecosystems, and can result in high levels of urban and peri-urban poverty. Climate change constitutes an aggravating phenomenon of the situation, particularly in the Andean region, being particularly vulnerable to the impacts on the hydrological cycle.
It then becomes evident that urban development needs to be focused in the context of sustainability, with approaches of mitigation and adaptation to climate change. The Cities Footprint Project considers cities as the place to start, as they have a manageable scale, concentrate the majority of global population and use of resources.
Objectives of the Project
- To assess the carbon and water footprint of municipal governments (as institutions) in La Paz, Quito and Lima, and promote actions to reduce both footprints.
- To assess the carbon and water footprints of the cities of La Paz, Quito and Lima, by adapting methodologies in a participatory manner that suit local conditions.
- To identify, prioritize, and create conditions for the implementation of pilot projects that include strategies for mitigation and adaptation to climate change in cities.
- To promote the exchange of knowledge between local authorities, the private sector and civil society in coordination with the adaptation and mitigation measurements at local and regional level.
- To develop an Action Plan in each city to allow local governments to give continuity to the implementation of their strategies for mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
Other ELLA knowledge materials relating to City-level Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation:
GUIDES AND BRIEFS
LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHTS