23, November, 2014
NON-ELLA PUBLICATION

What is Legal? Formalising Artisanal and Small-scale Mining in Colombia

This paper from IIED analyses the barriers to formalisation for artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in Colombia and offers approaches to overcome them.

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Colombia’s mining sector is characterised by widespread informality. A recent census revealed that 72 per cent of all mining operations in Colombia are classed as ‘artisanal and small-scale mining’ (ASM), and 63 per cent are ‘informal’, lacking a legal mining concession or title. Large-scale mining (LSM) comprises only one per cent of operations. Over 340,000 Colombians depend directly on ASM and medium-scale mining (MSM) for their income. This informality deprives the state of important financial resources, while the current poor conditions (environmental, social, health and safety, labour, technical and trading) prevent the sector from delivering on important social objectives, such as generating formal employment and improving quality of life in mining communities.

Authors: Cristina Echavarria
Orginal publication date: October, 2014
Publisher: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)

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Other ELLA knowledge materials relating to Extractive Industries and Conflict Management:

GUIDES AND BRIEFS

SPOTLIGHT SUMMARIES

REVIEWS

LEARNING ALLIANCE HIGHLIGHTS

NON-ELLA PUBLICATIONS

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