27, June, 2013
SPOTLIGHT ON ORGANISATIONS

Spotlight on Organisations: Brazil’s Ethanol Programme

This Spotlight highlights some of the most influential organisations that focus on biofuel production, consumption and environmental impacts. Most of the organisations are Brazilian, though the Spotlight also includes groups from elsewhere in Latin America and Europe.

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ACADEMIC RESEARCH ON BIOFUELS

Brazilian Reference Centre on Biomass (Centro Nacional de Referência em Biomassa – CENBIO)

Link: http://cenbio.iee.usp.br/indexen.asp
Areas of Expertise: Bioenergy, biomass, energy efficiency
Key Activities: Research, publications, knowledge exchange, seminars
The Brazilian Reference Centre on Biomass (CENBIO/IEE/USP) is a bioenergy research group based at the University of São Paulo. CENBIO was established with the main goal of promoting the development of research activities and the disclosure of scientific, technological and economic information in order to make the use of biomass feasible as an efficient energy source in Brazil. To achieve these goals, CENBIO has focused on developing studies and projects on biomass, and promoted the exchange among Brazilian and foreign institutions of technical data and information on the economic, social and environmental results of biomass technology use for energy. Today, CENBIO is one of the most important centres in Brazil for the development of energy generation from biomass. They publish a journal, the Brazilian Journal of Bioenergy, and many of their publications are available in English.
 

Interdisciplinary Environmental Sciences Laboratory (Laboratório Interdisciplinar de Meio Ambiente - LIMA) – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Link: http://www.lima.coppe.ufrj.br/
Areas of Expertise: Biofuels, environmental planning, environmental assessments, climate change
Key Activities: Academic research, project implementation, consultancy services
The Environment Sciences Laboratory (LIMA), under the Energy Planning Programme (EPP), is part of the Technology Centre of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Its goal is to strengthen the performance of teachers and students of the Postgraduate and Research Centre for Engineering (COPPE) in the Environmental area. LIMA brings to the university projects related to climate change, environmental economics and pollution control, among other issues. Its researchers conduct academic research and projects related to biofuels, energy efficiency, environmental assessments and other issues related to energy and the environment, most of which are published in English. For example, the Sugarcane Environmental Zoning in Brazil project was developed by LIMA to analyse costs and benefits of reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) related to ethanol production. Many of their books and scientific papers are published in English.
 

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF BIOFUELS

Fundação SOS Mata Atlântica (SOS Atlantic Forest Foundation)

Link: http://www.sosma.org.br/
Areas of Expertise: Sustainability, biodiversity conservation, environmental policies, forest restoration
Key Activities: Environmental conservation, data production, biome mapping and monitoring, advocacy campaigns, public policy, environmental education programmes, forest restoration, protection and management of ecosystems
SOS Atlantic Forest Foundation is a non-governmental organisation established in 1986. It is a private, non-profit organisation whose mission is to promote the conservation of biological and cultural diversity in the Atlantic Forest biome. SOS encourages actions for sustainable development and promotes education and knowledge about the Atlantic Forest; in short, they aim to mobilise, empower and encourage environmental citizenship. In particular, SOS has been working to ensure native forest is not replaced by ethanol plantations in areas of this biome. The objectives of the organisation are environmental conservation, professionalising people and generating knowledge about the biome.
 

Repórter Brasil (Brazil Reporter) – Biofuel Watch Centre

Link: http://www.reporterbrasil.org.br/biofuel/
Areas of Expertise: Biofuels, public policies, sustainability
Key Activities: Research, reports, data analysis, monitoring of biofuel production
The Biofuel Watch Centre is a programme of the organisation Repórter Brasil, whose mission is to publicise the social and environmental impacts of crops used to produce biofuels in Brazil. The agricultural expansion needed to increase ethanol and biodiesel production has been shown to cause serious environmental and social impacts, the most important of which are deforestation, slave labour, land tenure, increase in food prices and impacts on traditional and indigenous populations. The Biofuel Watch Centre works to create mechanisms to fortify the capacity of the government and civil society to control and supervise damage caused by biofuel production.
 

Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB)

Link: http://rsb.epfl.ch/
Areas of Expertise: Sustainability, biofuel, environmental assessments
Key Activities: Certification, biofuels publications
The Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB) is an international initiative, coordinated by the Energy Centre at the Polytechnic Federal School of Lausanne (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne - EPFL), whose mission is to promote the sustainability of biofuel production worldwide. It brings together different stakeholders such as farmers, private companies, non-governmental organisations, experts, governments and inter-governmental agencies to discuss the problems and challenges of biofuel production. RSB’s first Regional Stakeholder Meeting was held in Brazil, where technical workshops, regional outreach, road maps and social guidelines relating to ethanol and biodiesel production were conducted and developed. RSB has also developed an independent certification system for sustainable biofuels to ensure environmental standards and social and economic principles.
 

INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS PROMOTING BIOFUELS

Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLAC) - Natural Resources and Energy Unit

Links: http://www.eclac.org/; http://www.cepal.org/drni/urne/
Areas of Expertise: Economic and social development, sustainable development, poverty, gender, infrastructure, natural resources
Key Activities: Research, reports, publications, capacity building, international cooperation
CEPAL is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations and is headquartered in Santiago, Chile. It was founded to contribute to the economic development of Latin America. The Natural Resources and Energy Unit focuses on the thematic areas of water, energy, mining and transportation and infrastructure, and conducts research, knowledge sharing and project implementation. This Unit has also been active in promoting seminars, conferences, workshops and studies about biofuels in Latin America and the Caribbean.
 

Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century - REN 21

Link: http://www.ren21.net/
Areas of Expertise: Renewable energy policy
Key Activities: Research, publications, interactive tools, knowledge generation
REN 21 is a global multi-stakeholder network focused on renewable energy policy that convenes international leaders from the public, private and civil society sectors to increase the share of renewable energy in the world energy matrix. REN 21 is committed to provide policy-relevant information and research-based analysis on renewable energy that are driven by climate change, energy security, and poverty alleviation. To achieve its objectives, REN 21 encourages action in three key areas: policy, advocacy and exchange. Through reports and interactive maps, REN 21 provides important information about ethanol in Brazil, as well as in countries in Africa and Asia.
 

ENERGY COGENERATION, BIOMASS TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT OF BIOFUELS

Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory (Laboratório Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia do Bioetanol - CTBE)

Link: http://www.bioetanol.org.br/english/
Areas of Expertise: Cellulosic ethanol, industrial ethanol process, sustainability, agriculture
Key Activities: Academic research, technology development, workshops and outreach events
The Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory (CTBE) is a national laboratory that contributes to developing sustainable production of Brazilian ethanol from sugarcane. The centre invests in basic scientific research and technological innovation in order to reach this goal. CTBE represents a strong investment by the Brazilian federal government in science and technology related to sugarcane ethanol. Studies cover the sugarcane lifecycle and focus on industrial technologies for cellulosic ethanol. Overall, CBTE works to promote Brazilian scientific development of ethanol to make ethanol as efficient and sustainable as possible.
 

Dedini Base Industry

Link: http://www.dedini.com.br/index.php
Areas of Expertise: Industrial and agricultural processing of sugar cane
Key Activities: Industrial development for sugarcane mills, research
Operating in several industrial sectors, Dedini is a private company and the largest provider of equipment for the sugar and ethanol sector, including high pressure boilers to burn the bagasse from sugarcane. Dedini is the most important supplier of equipment for ethanol and sugar production in Brazil and has contributed to ethanol expansion. Its mission is to develop, trade and produce capital goods according to customer demand with advanced technology, quality, and competitive prices. Dedini has also conducted research on eco-efficiency and sustainability to meet environmental requirements for ethanol production. Though a private corporation, it has been included here because of its contribution to developing ethanol-related technologies to improve water use and vinasse disposal and reduce energy waste.
 

Industry Association for Energy Cogeneration (Associação da Indústria de Cogeração de Energia - COGEN)

Link: http://www.cogen.com.br/origem.asp
Areas of Expertise: Bagasse cogeneration
Key Activities: Research, advocacy to promote bioelectricity supply and trade
COGEN is a non-commercial and independent civil society group established in 2003 to encourage energy cogeneration projects and diversification of the Brazilian energy matrix through more efficient, cleaner and less expensive energy options. It aims to create an appropriate environment to enable an increase in the supply of bioelectricity to the regulated market (auctions) and the free market. COGEN also conducts studies on alternative access and connection to the grid, seeking to rationalise costs, and focuses on creating and refining mechanisms to promote and trade bioelectricity.
 

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